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UC Referencing Guide

General Guidelines

If each issue of a journal begins on page 1, include the issue number after the volume number.  If the pagination is continuous throughout the volume, no issue is entered.

One Author


Author, AA Year of publication, 'Title of article', Title of Journal, vol. x, no. x, pp. xx-xx.


Jackson, A 2007, 'New approaches to drug therapy', Psychology Today and Tomorrow, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 54-9.

Berno, T 2017, 'Social enterprise, sustainability and community in post-earthquake Christchurch: Exploring the role of local food systems in building resilience', Journal of Enterprising Communities, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 149.

Two or Three Authors


Author, AA & Author, BB Year of publication, 'Title of article', Title of Journal, vol. x, no. x, pp. xx-xx.


Kramer, E & Bloggs, T 2002, 'On quality in art and art therapy', American Journal of Art Therapy, vol. 40, pp. 218-22.

Wychick, J & Thompson, L 2005, 'Fallen for a scam lately?', Australia Today, pp. 54-60.

Four or More Authors

General guidelines

List all authors.


Author, AA, Author, BB, Author, CC, Author, DD, Author, EE, Author, FF, & Author, GG Year of publication, 'Title of article', Title of Journal, vol. x, no. x, pp. xx-xx.


Elo, A, Ervasti, J, Kuosma, E & Mattila, P 2008, 'Evaluation of an organizational stress management program in a municipal public works organization', Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 10-23.

Gluckman, E, Ruggeri, A, Rocha, V, Baudoux, E, Boo, M, Kurtzberg, J, Welte, K, Navarrete, C & van Walraven, SM 2011, 'Family-directed umbilical cord blood banking', Haematologica, vol. 96, pp. 1700-7.

Book Review in a Journal


Author, AA Year of publication, 'Title of review', review of Title of Book, by B. Author, Title of Journal, vol. xx, no. xx, pp. xx-xx.


Marson, SM 2009, 'How big should we be? A Herculean task accomplished', review of Human Body Size and the Laws of Scaling: Physiological, Performance, Growth, Longevity and Ecological Ramification, by T Samaras, Public Health Nutrition, vol. 12, pp. 1299-300.

EndNote Reference Type

Journal Article

Citing a Source Within a Source

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell 1999, p.25) stated that '...'

'...' (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen & Kowalski 2009, p.63)

Reference list

Maxwell, F 1999, Phonology, Brooks Cole, San Francisco.

Burton L, Westen D & Kowalski R 2009, Psychology, Wiley, Milton, Qld.

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.


Title of work Year of publication, Publisher, Location.


Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun 1983, Blackwell, Oxford, England.

No Location / No Publisher / No Year

General guidelines

If the location is not known - substitute n.p. in place of the location.

There are no guidelines for citing works with no publisher in the Style Manual: For Authors, Editors and Printers.  It is acceptable in other styles to use the location and date.  Consult your lecturer before citing material without a publisher.

If the date is not known - substitute an approximate date (c. for circa or ? after date) or n.d. in place of the year.

Format - no date

Author, AA c. year, Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA n.d., Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA 1943?, Title of work, Publisher, Location.


Smythe, V c. 2007, Ant colonies: How they communicate, Emu, Canberra.

Browne, JD n.d., Forensic science as a career, Tower, London.