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UC Referencing Guide

General Guidelines

If each issue of a journal begins on page 1, include the issue number after the volume number.  If the pagination is continuous throughout the volume, no issue is entered.



Author, AA Year of publication, 'Title of article', Title of Journal, vol. x, no. x, pp. xx-xx, viewed Day Month Year, Database name.

Author, AA Year of publication, 'Title of article', Title of Journal, vol. x, no. x, pp. xx-xx, viewed Day Month Year, <http://xxxxx>


Johns, E & Mewhort, D 2009, 'Test sequence priming in recognition memory', Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, vol. 35, pp. 1162-74, viewed 17 May 2012, PsycARTICLES.

Noor, A 2008, 'Ethics, religion and good governance', JOAAG: Journal of Administration & Governance, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 62-77, viewed 17 November 2009, <>

Ramalho, M, Da Silva, G & Dias, L 2009, 'Genetic plant improvement and climate changes', Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 189-95, viewed 5 July 2012, <>

Restouin, A, Aresta, S, Prebet, T, Borg, J, Badache, A & Collette, Y 2009, 'A Simplified, 96-well-adapted, ATP luminescence-based motility assay', BioTechniques, vol. 47, pp. 871-75, viewed 14 November 2012, <>


See Journal Article - Print for all forms of journal articles.

EndNote Reference Type

Electronic Article

Citing a Source Within a Source

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell 1999, p.25) stated that '...'

'...' (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen & Kowalski 2009, p.63)

Reference list

Maxwell, F 1999, Phonology, Brooks Cole, San Francisco.

Burton L, Westen D & Kowalski R 2009, Psychology, Wiley, Milton, Qld.

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.


Title of work Year of publication, Publisher, Location.


Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun 1983, Blackwell, Oxford, England.

No Location / No Publisher / No Year

General guidelines

If the location is not known - substitute n.p. in place of the location.

There are no guidelines for citing works with no publisher in the Style Manual: For Authors, Editors and Printers.  It is acceptable in other styles to use the location and date.  Consult your lecturer before citing material without a publisher.

If the date is not known - substitute an approximate date (c. for circa or ? after date) or n.d. in place of the year.

Format - no date

Author, AA c. year, Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA n.d., Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA 1943?, Title of work, Publisher, Location.


Smythe, V c. 2007, Ant colonies: How they communicate, Emu, Canberra.

Browne, JD n.d., Forensic science as a career, Tower, London.