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UC Referencing Guide

E-Books

Format

Author. Year of publication. Title of work. Location: Publisher. Electronic Edition.

Author. Year of publication. Title of work. Location: Publisher. DOI or URL

Examples

Eddings, David. 2010. Pawn of Prophecy. N.p.: Del Rey. Kindle.

Faggiano, Vincent. 2012. Critical Incident Management: A Complete Response Guide. 2nd ed. Boca Raton, FL.: CRC Press. http://www.crcnetbase.com/ISBN/978-1-4398-7454-7

Niemann, S., D. Greenstein and D. David. 2004. Helping Children Who Are Deaf: Family and Community Support for Children Who Do Not Hear Well. N.p. http://www.hesperian.org/publications_download_deaf.php

Scott, P. Anne. 2004. Key Concepts and Issues in Nursing Ethics. New York: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49250-6

One Author

Format

Author. Year of publication. Title of Work. Location: Publisher. DOI or URL

Examples

Cochrane, Allan. 2007. Understanding Urban Policy: A Critical Approach. Malden, MA: Blackwell.

Finkelman, Anita W. 2006. Leadership and Management in Nursing. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Fullan, Micheal. 1996. The New Meaning of Educational Change. London: Cassell.

Maxwell, F. 1999. Phonology. San Francisco: Brooks Cole.

Two or More Authors

Format

Author 1, Author 2 and Author 3. Year of publication. Title of Work. Location: Publisher. DOI or URL

Note: List all authors in the reference.

Examples

Carr, Wilfred and Stephen Kemmis. 1986. Becoming Critical: Education, Knowledge and Action Research. London: Falmer.

Littlejohn, Stephen W. and Karen A Foss. 2005. Theories of Human Communication. 8th ed. Southbank, Australia: Thomas Wadsworth.

Duffy, Ann Louise, Vicki Deakin, Elzbieta Wieniawa-Narkiewicz and C. Kate Wilson. 2001. Guide to Writing in Biomedical Sciences. Canberra: University of Canberra.

Green, W. A., B. Hodges, H. J. Simons, H. J. Heverson, Q. G. Mally, W. M. De Vanders, A Smith, P. F Andrews and M. J. Greve. 2009. Matrix Regression Functions Applicable to Variable Plasma Fluxes. 2nd rev. ed. Sydney: University of New South Wales.

Corporate Authors

Format

Name of Organisation. Year of publication. Title of Work. Location: Publisher. DOI or URL

Examples

Australian National Audit Office. 1990. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission: Community Development Employment Project. Canberra: AGPS.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. 2009. Indigenous Housing Needs 2009: A Multi-Measure Needs Model. AIHW cat no. JOU 214. Canberra: AIHW.

Edited Book

Format

Editor, ed. Year of publication. Title of Work. Location: Publisher. DOI or URL

Editor 1, Editor 2 and Editor 3, eds. Year of publication. Title of Work. Location: Publisher. DOI or URL

Examples

Inge, M Thomas, Maurice Duke and Jackson R. Bryer, eds. 1978. Black American Writers: Bibliographical Essays. 2 vols. New York: St Martins.

Kemmis, Stephen and Robin McTaggart, eds. 1988. The Action Research Planner. 3rd ed. Melbourne: Deakin University.

Zairi, Mohamed, ed. 1999. Best Practice: Process Innovation Management. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Later Editions

Format

Author. Year of publication. Title of Work. xx ed. Location: Publisher. DOI or URL

Examples

Green, W. A. B. Hodges, H. J. Simons, H. J. Heverson, Q. G. Mally, W. M. De Vanders, A. Smith, P. F. Andrews and M. J. Greve. 2009. Matrix Regression Functions Applicable to Variable Plasma Fluxes. 2nd rev. ed. Sydney: University of New South Wales.

Kemmis, Stephen and Robin McTaggart, eds. 1988. The Action Research Planner. 3rd ed. Melbourne: Deakin University.

Littlejohn, Stephen W. and Karen A. Foss. 2005. Theories of Human Communication. 8th ed. Southbank, Australia: Thomas Wadsworth.

Translated Book

Format

Author. Year of publication. Title of Work. Translated by Translator. Location. Publisher. DOI or URL

Example

Gaarder, Jostein. 1994. Sophie's World: A Novel About the History of Philosophy. Translated by Paulette Moller. London: Phoenix House.

Multi-Volume Works

Format

Author. Year of publication. Title of Work. Number of volumes or particular volume. Location: Publisher. DOI or URL

Author. Year of publication. Title of Volume. Vol. xx of Title of Set. Location: Publisher. DOI or URL

Examples

Clark, Manning. 1978. The Earth Abideth for Ever 1851-1888. Vol. 4 of A History of Australia. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.

Inge, M. Thomas, Maurice Duke and Jackson R Bryer, eds. 1978 Black American Writers: Bibliographical Essays. 2 vols. New York: St Martins.

No Author / Editor

Note: If the author, editor, translator, of the like is unknown, the reference should start with the title.  Works attributed to "Anonymous" should use this as the author.

Format

Title of Work. Year of publication. Edition. Location: Publisher. URL

Anonymous. Year of publication. Title of Work. Edition. Location: Publisher. URL

Examples

Anonymous. 1796. On the Prosodies of teh Greek and Latin Languages. London.

Macroeconomics, Prices and Quantities: Essays in Memory of Arthur M. Okun. 1983. Oxford: Blackwell.

No Location / Publisher / Year

If the location is unknown, the abbreviation n.p. takes the place of the location.

If the publisher is unknown, just enter the location and date.

If the year is unknown, the abbreviation n.d. or an estimated year in brackets bakes the place of the year.

Examples

Browne, J. D. n.d. Forensic Science as a Career. London: Tower.

Smythe, V. [2007?]. Ant Colonies: How They Communicate. Canberra: Emu.

Citing a Source Within a Source

It is always better to read the original source of a quote, however, you may not always have access to the original source. When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read, include the original author and date in the text and cite the secondary source.

In-text reference

Schwartz 1987 (quoted in Burton, Westen and Kowalski 2009, p.576) stated that "..."

Examples

 Burton, Lorelle, Drew Westen and Robin Kowalski. 2009. Psychology. 2nd ed. Milton, Australia: Wiley.

EndNote Reference Type

Book  or  Edited Book  or  Electronic Book