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UC Referencing Guide

Patent

Format

Author. Year filed. Title of Work. Country Patent Application xxxx, filed Month Day, Year.

Author. Year issued. Title of Work. Country Patent xxxx, filed Month Day, Year, and issued Month Day, Year.

Note: Do not italicise the title.

Examples

Dahl, Colin. 2011. Mobile Phone Cover With Manually Adjustable Stand. Australia Patent Application 2011905080, filed December 6, 2011.

Rajaram, Gokul. 2011. Improved Advertising With Audio Content. Australia Patent 2006297131B2, filed September 28, 2006, and issued September 15, 2011.

No Author / Editor

Note: If the author, editor, translator, of the like is unknown, the reference should start with the title.  Works attributed to "Anonymous" should use this as the author.

Format

Title of Work. Year of publication. Edition. Location: Publisher. URL

Anonymous. Year of publication. Title of Work. Edition. Location: Publisher. URL

Examples

Anonymous. 1796. On the Prosodies of teh Greek and Latin Languages. London.

Macroeconomics, Prices and Quantities: Essays in Memory of Arthur M. Okun. 1983. Oxford: Blackwell.

No Location / Publisher / Year

If the location is unknown, the abbreviation n.p. takes the place of the location.

If the publisher is unknown, just enter the location and date.

If the year is unknown, the abbreviation n.d. or an estimated year in brackets bakes the place of the year.

Examples

Browne, J. D. n.d. Forensic Science as a Career. London: Tower.

Smythe, V. [2007?]. Ant Colonies: How They Communicate. Canberra: Emu.

Citing a Source Within a Source

It is always better to read the original source of a quote, however, you may not always have access to the original source. When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read, include the original author and date in the text and cite the secondary source.

In-text reference

Schwartz 1987 (quoted in Burton, Westen and Kowalski 2009, p.576) stated that "..."

Examples

 Burton, Lorelle, Drew Westen and Robin Kowalski. 2009. Psychology. 2nd ed. Milton, Australia: Wiley.

EndNote Reference Type

Patent