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UC Referencing Guide

Artificial Intelligence / Nonrecoverable Sources

Works that cannot be accessed by your reader are considered nonrecoverable sources.  This includes personal emails, nonarchived social media, and output from paraphrasing and artificial intelligence sites.  These items are treated as personal communications and are cited in-text only.


(site and type of request, personal communication, Time, Month Day, Year)


(Advice from healthdirect, personal communication, 7:30am, January 4, 2023)

(Paraphrase from Grammarly, personal communication, 5:30pm, December 14, 2022)

(Paragraph from ChatGPT, request 'provide a short introduction to the Australian legal system', personal communication, 9:30am, January 19, 2023)