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UC Referencing Guide


General guidelines

There are no formal guidelines for referencing speeches in the Style Manual.  The Library has used the structure of other unpublished material to create these guidelines.


Speaker, AA (Day Month Year) Title or description of speech [speech], Name of Event, Place of Event, accessed Day Month Year.


Hodson A (11 November 2000) Peace in today’s world [speech], Australian Veterans Memorial Service, Lightning Ridge.

Clark H (25 April 2007) Prime Minister’s 2007 ANZAC Day message [speech], New Zealand.

EndNote Reference Type

Unpublished Material  (enter the full date in the year and the event in the Institution)

Citing a Source Within a Source

There are no formal guidelines for citing a source within a source in the Style Manual.  These instructions are based on the guidelines in the 6th edition of the Style Manual.

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell 1999:25) stated that '...'

'...' (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen and Kowalski 2009:63)

Reference list

Maxwell F (1999) Phonology, Brooks Cole, San Francisco.

Burton L, Westen D and Kowalski R (2009) Psychology, Wiley, Milton, Qld.