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UC Referencing Guide

One Author

Format

Number. Author AA. Title of work. Location: Publisher; Year of publication.

Examples

1. Cochrane A. Understanding urban policy: a critical approach. Malden (MA): Blackwell; 2007.

2. Finkelman AW. Leadership and management in nursing. Upper Saddle River (NJ): Pearson Prentice Hall; 2006.

3. Maxwell F. Phonology. San Francisco: Brooks Cole; 1999.

4. Fullan M. The new meaning of educational change. London: Cassell; 1996.

Many Authors

General guidelines

List all authors.

Format

Number. Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD. Title of work. Location: Publisher; Year of publication.

Examples

5. Duffy A, Deakin V, Wieniawa-Narkiewicz E, Wilson K. Guide to writing in biomedical sciences. Canberra: University of Canberra; 2001.

6. Carr W, Kemmis S. Becoming critical: education, knowledge and action research. London: Falmer Press; 1986.

7. Green WA, Hodges B, Simons HJ, Heverson HJ, Mally QG, De Vanders WM, Smith A, Andrews PF, Greve MJ. Matrix regression functions applicable to variable plasma fluxes. 2nd rev. ed. Sydney: University of New South Wales; 2009.

Many Authors (Acceptable Option)

General guidelines

If space is a consideration, the number of authors may be limited to a specific number, such as the first three authors. Follow the last named author by a comma and "et al." or "and others."

Format

Number. Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, et al. Title of work. Location: Publisher; Year of publication.

Number. Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, and others. Title of work. Location: Publisher; Year of publication.

Examples

7. Green WA, Hodges B, Simons HJ, et al. Matrix regression functions applicable to variable plasma fluxes. 2nd rev. ed. Sydney: University of New South Wales; 2009.

7. Green WA, Hodges B, Simons HJ, and others. Matrix regression functions applicable to variable plasma fluxes. 2nd rev. ed. Sydney: University of New South Wales; 2009.

Corporate Authors / Organisations

Format - Corporate author, different publisher

Number. Corporate Author. Title of work. Location: Publisher; Year of publication.

Example

8. Australian National Audit Office. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission: Community Development Employment Project. Canberra: AGPS; 1990.

 

Format - Corporate author same as publisher

Enter the publisher as 'The Department/Association/Bureau'.

Number. Corporate Author. Title of work. Location: The Department/Association etc.; Year of publication.

Example

9. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Indigenous housing needs 2009: a multi-measure needs model (AIHW cat. no. JOU 214). Canberra: The Institute; 2009.

Edited Books

Format

Number. Editor AA, editor. Title of work. Location: Publisher; Year of publication.

Number. Editor AA, Editor BB, editors. Title of work. Location: Publisher; Year of publication.

Examples

10. Zairi M, editor. Best practice: process innovation management. Oxford (GB): Butterworth-Heinemann; 1999.

12. Kemmis S, McTaggart R, editors. The action research planner. 3rd ed. Melbourne: Deakin University; 1988.

15. Inge MT, Duke M, Bryer JR, editors. Black American writers: bibliographical essays. Vol. 1-2. New York: St Martins; 1978.

Later Editions

General guidelines

Indicate the edition/version being cited after the title when a book is published in more than one edition or version. Abbreviate common words, if desired.

These are some edition statements you may see.

  • 7th ed.
  • 1st paperback ed.
  • Rev. ed.
  • 2nd ed., rev. and expanded
  • 1st American ed.
  • New ed.
  • Facsim. ed.

See Abbreviation rules for editions.

Format

Number. Author AA. Title of work. x ed. Location: Publisher; Year of publication.

Examples

11. Littlejohn SW, Foss KA. Theories of human communication. 8th ed. Melbourne: Wadsworth; 2005.

12. Kemmis S, McTaggart R, editors. The action research planner. 3rd ed. Melbourne: Deakin University; 1988.

7. Green WA, Hodges B, Simons HJ, Heverson HJ, Mally QG, De Vanders WM, Smith A, Andrews PF, Greve MJ. Matrix regression functions applicable to variable plasma fluxes. 2nd rev. ed. Sydney: University of New South Wales; 2009.

Translated Books

Format

Number. Author AA. Title of work. Translator. Location: Publisher; Year of publication.

Example

13. Gaarder J. Sophie's world: a novel about the history of philosophy. Moller P, translator. London: Phoenix House; 1994.

Multi-Volume Works

Format

Number. Author AA. Title of entire work: Vol. x, Title of volume. Location: Publisher; Year of publication.

Number. Author AA. Title of work. Vol. x-x. Location: Publisher; Year of publication.

Examples

14. Clark CM. A history of Australia: Vol. 4, The earth abideth for ever, 1851-1888. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press; 1978.

15. Inge MT, Duke M, Bryer JR, editors. Black American writers: bibliographical essays. Vol. 1-2. New York: St Martins; 1978.

Relevant Chapter in Citing Medicine

Check Chapter 2 (Books) of Citing Medicine for The General Rules applicable to each section of your reference.

e.g. General Rules for Author/Editor, General Rules for Title, General Rules for Place of Publication.

EndNote Reference Type

Book or Edited Book

Citing a Source Within a Source

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly as cited in Maxwell (3) stated that '...'

Burton (5) quoted Schwartz ...

References

3. Maxwell F. Phonology. San Franisco: Brooks Cole; 1999.

5. Burton L, Westen D, Kowalski R. Psychology. Milton (Australia): Wiley; 2009.

No Author / Editor

If no author or editor is present, start your reference with the Title of the item.

Example

5. Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun. Oxford: Blackwell; 1983.

No Location / No Publisher / No Year

If no location is present substitute an inferred place [Chicago?] or the phrase [place unknown].

If no publisher is present substitute the phrase [publisher unknown].

If no year is present substitute an approximate date [1976?] or the phrase [date unknown].

Examples

7. Smythe V. Ant colonies: how they communicate. Canberra: Emu Press; [2007?].

12. Browne JD. Forensic science as a career. London: Tower Publishing; [date unknown].

16. Hawaii [map on the Internet]. [place, publisher, date unknown] [cited 2012 Jul 20]. Available from: http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-6Ckq2CCag0Q/Tr4plGlC-HI/AAAAAAAACLo/CjKZCLjyAvk/s1600/islands-of-hawaii-map.gif