Author, A. A. (Year of creation). Title of work [Type of thesis]. Name of Institution.
Author, A. A. (Year of creation). Title of work (Publication number) [Type of thesis, Name of Institution]. Database name.
Author, A. A. (Year of creation). Title of work [Type of thesis, Name of Institution]. Web site. URL
Brown, G. (2001). Towards an in situ technique for investigating the role nutrients play in epilithon growth in an Australian upland stream [Unpublished doctoral thesis]. University of Canberra.
Socha, A. (2010). Students' assessments of instruction: A validity study (Publication No. AAT 1462244) [Masters thesis, Western Carolina University]. Proquest Dissertations and Theses A&I.
McCaffrey, J. (2008). The extent to which clubs are perceived as learning organisations [Doctoral thesis, University of Canberra]. University of Canberra Archive. http://erl.canberra.edu.au/public/adt-AUC20081205.095000/
If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.
Title of work. (Year of publication). Publisher. DOI or URL
Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun. (1983). Blackwell.
If the date is not known use n.d. in place of the year. If you have an approximate date use the abbreviation ca. (circa) and the approximate year.
Author, A. A. (ca. year). Title of work. Publisher. DOI or URL
Author, A. A. (n.d.). Title of work. Publisher. DOI or URL
Smythe, V. (ca. 2007). Ant colonies: How they communicate. Emu.
Browne, J. D. (n.d.). Forensic science as a career. Tower.
Secondary source refers to information first reported in another source, the primary source. If it is possible, find the original source and read it, citing the original source. If this is not possible then use the procedure below.
Provide a reference to the secondary source (the source you read) and, in-text, identify the primary source then write "as cited in" the secondary source that you used.
(Author 1 as cited in Author 2, Year)
Author 1 (as cited in Author 2, Year)
Lilly (as cited in Maxwell, 1999) stated that ...
"..." (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen, & Kowalski, 2009, p.63)
Maxwell, F. (1999). Phonology. Brooks Cole.
Burton, L., Westen, D., & Kowalski, R. (2009). Psychology. Wiley.