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UC Referencing Guide

Reference List Format

References are listed in numerical order.  The number sits to the left of the text.

[1]       T. Pitman, "The evolution of the student as a customer in Australian higher education: a policy perspective," Aust. Educ. Res., vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 345-359, May 2016, doi: 10.1007/s13384-016-0204-9.

[2]       L. Baiazitova, J. Skopalik, V. Cmiel, J. Chmelik, O. Svoboda and I Provaznik, "Modern semi-automatic set-up for testing cell migration with impact for therapy of yocardial infarction," in IFMBE Proc., May 2019, vol. 68, 3 ed., pp. 155-159, doi: 10.1007/978-981-10-9023-3_28.

[3]       J. Chapman, C. Landis and S. Smith, "The development of a library Research Methods course for online graduate students in education," in Information Literacy Programs in the Digital Age: Educating College and University Students Online, A. Daugherty and M. F. Russo, Eds. Chicago, IL, USA: Association of College and Research Libraries, 2007, ch. 3, pp. 13-22.

Artificial Intelligence / Nonrecoverable Sources

Works that cannot be accessed by your reader are considered nonrecoverable sources.  This includes personal emails, non-archived social media, and output from paraphrasing and artificial intelligence sites.  These will be treated as Unpublished Material.


A. Author or Source, description, Time, Month Day, Year.


Healthdirect, medical advice, 7:30am, Jan. 4, 2023.

Grammarly, paraphrase, 5:30pm, Dec. 14, 2022.

ChatGPT, paragraph from request 'provide a short introduction to the Australian legal system', 9:30am, Jan, 19, 2023.