Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work (Version). [Computer software]. Publisher. URL
Corporate Author. (Year of publication). Title of work (Version). [Computer software]. Publisher. URL
Borenstein, M., Hedges, L., Higgins, J., & Rothstein, H. (2014). Comprehensive meta-analysis (Version 3.3.070). [Computer software]. Biostat. https://www.meta-analysis.com/
EndNote X7 for Mac. (2013). [Computer software]. Thomson.
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work [CD-ROM]. Publisher.
Monaco, J. (2000). How to read a film: Multimedia edition [CD-ROM]. Harbor Electronic.
A house for the nation: 100 years of Australia's House of Representatives. (2001). [CD-ROM]. Dept. of the House of Representatives in association with the Swish Group.
If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.
Title of work. (Year of publication). Publisher. DOI or URL
Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun. (1983). Blackwell.
If the date is not known use n.d. in place of the year. If you have an approximate date use the abbreviation ca. (circa) and the approximate year.
Author, A. A. (ca. year). Title of work. Publisher. DOI or URL
Author, A. A. (n.d.). Title of work. Publisher. DOI or URL
Smythe, V. (ca. 2007). Ant colonies: How they communicate. Emu.
Browne, J. D. (n.d.). Forensic science as a career. Tower.
Secondary source refers to information first reported in another source, the primary source. If it is possible, find the original source and read it, citing the original source. If this is not possible then use the procedure below.
Provide a reference to the secondary source (the source you read) and, in-text, identify the primary source then write "as cited in" the secondary source that you used.
(Author 1 as cited in Author 2, Year)
Author 1 (as cited in Author 2, Year)
Lilly (as cited in Maxwell, 1999) stated that ...
"..." (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen, & Kowalski, 2009, p.63)
Maxwell, F. (1999). Phonology. Brooks Cole.
Burton, L., Westen, D., & Kowalski, R. (2009). Psychology. Wiley.