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UC Referencing Guide

General Guidelines

In-text citations are the references provided within your work that refer to other works you have used to support your arguments. When entering references in the AGLC style:

  • Number these references in the order they appear in your text, tables or figures. Use Arabic numbers. Assign a number even if the author(s) is named in the sentence/text.
  • Place the numbers in superscript. They should be placed after punctuation.
  • Never re-use the number if you mention/cite that particular reference again.  Cite this under a new number.
  • If multiple references are cited at a given place, only use one number and cite all of the references in the note. Separate each reference with a semicolon and end with a full stop.

e.g. 1 Allan Cochrane, Understanding Urban Policy: A Critical Approach (Blackwell, 2007) 64; F Maxwell, Phonology (Brooks Cole, 1999) 33.


The Footnotes of your paper must list the references in numerical order.

Format and Examples

Format - no direct quote



Cochrane1 concluded that ...


Format - direct quote, fewer than 3 lines


Authornumber '...'


The quote is entered in single quotation marks.


An interesting view was expressed that 'the connection of high profile developments to their surrounding environment has increasingly been questioned'.1

An interesting view was expressed by Cochrane1 that 'the connection of high profile developments to their surrounding environment has increasingly been questioned'.


Format - direct quote, more that 3 lines

Text ... Authornumber





Quote number



Quotation marks are not used in this format. The quoted text is indented and in a smaller font.


Much has been written about acute care. Finkelman2, for example, points out that:

There are many changes in acute care services occurring almost daily, and due to the increasing use of outpatient surgery, surgical services have experienced major changes. Hospitals are increasing the size of their outpatient or ambulatory surgery departments and adjusting to the need of moving patients into and out of surgical service in 1 day or even a few hours.

Recently, this trend has been seen in some Australian hospitals and research here ...