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UC Referencing Guide

Newspaper Article


Author. Year of publication. "Title of Article." Title of Newspaper, Month Day, Year of publication. DOI or URL

Newspaper Title. Year of publication. "Title of Article." Month Day, Year of publication. DOI or URL

Note: For unsigned articles insert the Newspaper Title in place of the Author.


The Canberra Times. 2007. "Internet Pioneer to Oversee Network Redesign." May 28, 2007.

Clark, E. 2003. "Enforcement, Not Shortage of Laws, at the Heart of Spam's Virulent Growth." The Canberra Times, July 13, 2003.

Darby, A. 2002. "Rarest Tiger Skin a Rugged Survivor." Sydney Morning Herald, August 20, 2002.

Waterford, Jack 2007.. "Bill of Rights Gets it Wrong." The Canberra Times, May 20, 2007.

No Author / Editor

Note: If the author, editor, translator, of the like is unknown, the reference should start with the title.  Works attributed to "Anonymous" should use this as the author.


Title of Work. Year of publication. Edition. Location: Publisher. URL

Anonymous. Year of publication. Title of Work. Edition. Location: Publisher. URL


Anonymous. 1796. On the Prosodies of teh Greek and Latin Languages. London.

Macroeconomics, Prices and Quantities: Essays in Memory of Arthur M. Okun. 1983. Oxford: Blackwell.

No Location / Publisher / Year

If the location is unknown, the abbreviation n.p. takes the place of the location.

If the publisher is unknown, just enter the location and date.

If the year is unknown, the abbreviation n.d. or an estimated year in brackets bakes the place of the year.


Browne, J. D. n.d. Forensic Science as a Career. London: Tower.

Smythe, V. [2007?]. Ant Colonies: How They Communicate. Canberra: Emu.

Citing a Source Within a Source

It is always better to read the original source of a quote, however, you may not always have access to the original source. When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read, include the original author and date in the text and cite the secondary source.

In-text reference

Schwartz 1987 (quoted in Burton, Westen and Kowalski 2009, p.576) stated that "..."


 Burton, Lorelle, Drew Westen and Robin Kowalski. 2009. Psychology. 2nd ed. Milton, Australia: Wiley.

EndNote Reference Type

Newspaper Article