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UC Referencing Guide


Note: There are no formal guidelines for referencing Theses in the Author/Date section of the Chicago Manual of Style 17th ed.  UC will use the guidelines in the Notes section and adapt them to the Author/Date style.


Author. Year of completion. "Title of Work." Type of thesis, University. Database or URL (Accession No.).


Brown, Glen Graham. 2001. "Towards an In Situ Technique for Investigating the Role Nutients Play in Epilithon Growth in an Australian Upland Stream." Unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Canberra.

McCaffrey, John. 2008. "The Extent to Which Clubs are Perceived as Learning Organisations." Doctoral thesis, University of Canberra.

Socha, Alan Brian. 2010. "Students' Assessments of Instruction: A Validity Study." Master's thesis, Western Carolina University. Proquest Dissertations and Thesis (AAT 1462244).

No Author / Editor

Note: If the author, editor, translator, of the like is unknown, the reference should start with the title.  Works attributed to "Anonymous" should use this as the author.


Title of Work. Year of publication. Edition. Location: Publisher. URL

Anonymous. Year of publication. Title of Work. Edition. Location: Publisher. URL


Anonymous. 1796. On the Prosodies of teh Greek and Latin Languages. London.

Macroeconomics, Prices and Quantities: Essays in Memory of Arthur M. Okun. 1983. Oxford: Blackwell.

No Location / Publisher / Year

If the location is unknown, the abbreviation n.p. takes the place of the location.

If the publisher is unknown, just enter the location and date.

If the year is unknown, the abbreviation n.d. or an estimated year in brackets bakes the place of the year.


Browne, J. D. n.d. Forensic Science as a Career. London: Tower.

Smythe, V. [2007?]. Ant Colonies: How They Communicate. Canberra: Emu.

Citing a Source Within a Source

It is always better to read the original source of a quote, however, you may not always have access to the original source. When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read, include the original author and date in the text and cite the secondary source.

In-text reference

Schwartz 1987 (quoted in Burton, Westen and Kowalski 2009, p.576) stated that "..."


 Burton, Lorelle, Drew Westen and Robin Kowalski. 2009. Psychology. 2nd ed. Milton, Australia: Wiley.

EndNote Reference Type