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UC Referencing Guide

General Guidelines

Works using the Author/Date style and citing only a handful of legal and public documents may limit those citations to the text, using the format outlined in The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation.  Examples shown are for Australian legislation and case law.  Please consult The Bluebook for other jurisdictions.

The Bluebook: a uniform system of citation (20th ed.) by Harvard Law Review (Compiled by); Columbia Law Review (Compiled by); University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Yale Law Review (Compiled by)

Call Number: K114.B57 2015
ISBN: 9780692400197
Publication Date: 2015



Name of the Act Year (Jurisdiction) s section (Country abbreviation if not evident)


The meaning of unjustifiable hardship as defined in the Anti-Discrimination Act 1991 (Qld) chap 1 s 5 is ...

The Trade Practices Act 1974 (Cth) (Austl.) states that "a consumer contract is a contract ..."

Case Law - Reported


Name v. Name (Year reported) Volume Reporter Abbreviation Starting page (Country abbreviation if not evident)

Name v. Name [Year of Volume] Reporter Abbreviation Starting page (Country abbreviation if not evident)


The decision in GA v. Dep't of Educ & Training [2004] NSWADT 2 (Austl.) indicated that ...

The evidence in Mace v. Murray (1955) 92 CLR 370 (Austl.) was ...

Case Law - Unreported


Name v. Name [Year of decision] Court Abbreviation Decision number (Day Month Year of decision) (Country abbreviation if not evident)

Name v. Name (Unreported, Court Name, Name of Judge, Day Month Year of decision) (Country abbreviation, if not evident).


It was evident in Glass v. Commonwealth of Australia [2003] ACTCA 8 (31 march 2003) that ...

This was supported by the case Browne v Dunne (Unreported, Supreme Court of Queensland, Bland J, 22 July 1999) (Austl.) in which ...

No Author / Editor

Note: If the author, editor, translator, of the like is unknown, the reference should start with the title.  Works attributed to "Anonymous" should use this as the author.


Title of Work. Year of publication. Edition. Location: Publisher. URL

Anonymous. Year of publication. Title of Work. Edition. Location: Publisher. URL


Anonymous. 1796. On the Prosodies of teh Greek and Latin Languages. London.

Macroeconomics, Prices and Quantities: Essays in Memory of Arthur M. Okun. 1983. Oxford: Blackwell.

No Location / Publisher / Year

If the location is unknown, the abbreviation n.p. takes the place of the location.

If the publisher is unknown, just enter the location and date.

If the year is unknown, the abbreviation n.d. or an estimated year in brackets bakes the place of the year.


Browne, J. D. n.d. Forensic Science as a Career. London: Tower.

Smythe, V. [2007?]. Ant Colonies: How They Communicate. Canberra: Emu.

Citing a Source Within a Source

It is always better to read the original source of a quote, however, you may not always have access to the original source. When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read, include the original author and date in the text and cite the secondary source.

In-text reference

Schwartz 1987 (quoted in Burton, Westen and Kowalski 2009, p.576) stated that "..."


 Burton, Lorelle, Drew Westen and Robin Kowalski. 2009. Psychology. 2nd ed. Milton, Australia: Wiley.

EndNote Reference Type

Legislation - Statute

Case Law - Case