University of Canberra
Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

UC Referencing Guide

Computer Program

Format - Software on the Internet

Number. Author AA. Title of work [computer program on the Internet]. Version xx. Location: Publisher; Year of publication [cited Year Month Day]. Available from: http://xxxxx

Format - Software on disk

Number. Author AA. Title of work [format]. Version xx. Location: Publisher; Year of publication.

Examples

11. Biostat. Comprehensive meta-analysis [computer program on the Internet]. Version 2. Englewood (NJ): Biostat; [date unknown] [cited 2012 Nov 7]. Available from: http://www.meta-analysis.com/

14. EndNote [computer program on CD-ROM]. Version X7 for Mac. [USA]: Thomson Reuters; 2013.

CD-ROM

Format

Number. Author AA. Title of work [CD-ROM]. x ed. Version xx. Location: Publisher; Year of publication.

Examples

4. Monaco J. How to read a film: multimedia edition [CD-ROM]. Multimedia ed. New York: Harbor Electronic; 2000.

6. A House for the nation: 100 years of Australia's House of Representatives [CD-ROM]. Canberra: Dept. of the House of Representatives; 2001. Published in association with the Swish Group.

EndNote Reference Type

Computer Program - Computer Program

CD-ROM - Book (Enter CD-ROM in Type of Work)

Citing a Source Within a Source

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly as cited in Maxwell (3) stated that '...'

Burton (5) quoted Schwartz ...

References

3. Maxwell F. Phonology. San Franisco: Brooks Cole; 1999.

5. Burton L, Westen D, Kowalski R. Psychology. Milton (Australia): Wiley; 2009.

No Author / Editor

If no author or editor is present, start your reference with the Title of the item.

Example

5. Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun. Oxford: Blackwell; 1983.

No Location / No Publisher / No Year

If no location is present substitute an inferred place [Chicago?] or the phrase [place unknown].

If no publisher is present substitute the phrase [publisher unknown].

If no year is present substitute an approximate date [1976?] or the phrase [date unknown].

Examples

7. Smythe V. Ant colonies: how they communicate. Canberra: Emu Press; [2007?].

12. Browne JD. Forensic science as a career. London: Tower Publishing; [date unknown].

16. Hawaii [map on the Internet]. [place, publisher, date unknown] [cited 2012 Jul 20]. Available from: http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-6Ckq2CCag0Q/Tr4plGlC-HI/AAAAAAAACLo/CjKZCLjyAvk/s1600/islands-of-hawaii-map.gif