University of Canberra
Skip to Main Content

UC Referencing Guide

Book Chapter


Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A. Editor & B. Editor (Eds), Title of book (x ed., pp. xx-xx). Publisher. DOI or URL


Richards, K. C. (1997). Views on globalization. In H. L. Vivaldi (Ed.), Australia in a global world (pp. 29-43). Century.

Fullan, M. (1996). Leadership for change. In  K. Leithwood, J. Chapman, D. Corson, P. Hallinger & A. Hart (Eds.), International handbook for educational leadership and administration (pp. 701-727). Kluwer Academic.

Levin, C., & Ury, C. (2003). Welcoming big brother: The malaise of confidentiality in the therapeutic culture. In C. Koggel, A. Furlong & C. Levin (Eds.), Confidential relationships (pp. 61-81). Brill.

Neglected global epidemics: Three growing threats. (2003). In World Health Report 2003: Shaping the future (pp. 83-101). World Health Organisation.

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.


Title of work. (Year of publication). Publisher. DOI or URL


Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun. (1983). Blackwell.

No Year

General guidelines

If the date is not known use n.d. in place of the year. If you have an approximate date use the abbreviation ca. (circa) and the approximate year.


Author, A. A. (ca. year). Title of work. Publisher. DOI or URL

Author, A. A. (n.d.). Title of work. Publisher. DOI or URL


Smythe, V. (ca. 2007). Ant colonies: How they communicate. Emu.

Browne, J. D. (n.d.). Forensic science as a career. Tower.

Citing a Source Within a Source

Secondary source refers to information first reported in another source, the primary source. If it is possible, find the original source and read it, citing the original source.  If this is not possible then use the procedure below.

Provide a reference to the secondary source (the source you read) and, in-text, identify the primary source then write "as cited in" the secondary source that you used.  Include the original year if you know it.


(Author 1, Year of original, as cited in Author 2, Year)

Author 1, Year of original (as cited in Author 2, Year)

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell, 1999) stated that ...

"..." (Schwartz, 2006, as cited in Burton et al., 2009, p.63)

Reference list

Maxwell, F. (1999). Phonology. Brooks Cole.

Burton, L., Westen, D., & Kowalski, R. (2009). Psychology. Wiley.

EndNote Reference Type

Book section  or  Electronic Book Section