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UC Referencing Guide

Web Site


Only cite an entire website if you cannot pinpoint the material to a specific webpage or webpage content.

For example, you might mention a website as a general resource in the body text. You would give users the full details and link to that website in the reference list.

Hyperlink the name of the website.

Use the same capitalisation as the organisation used for the name of the website.  Include the word 'website' in square brackets after the name of the website, unless you include the URL for the home page.


Author AA (Year) Name of the website, URL (optional), accessed Day Month Year.


Digital Transformation Agency (2021) Australian Government Style Manual,, accessed 2 February 2021.

International Narcotics Control Board (1999) International Narcotics Control Board [website], accessed 7 June 2021.

eSafety Commissioner (n.d.) eSafety [website], accessed 3 December 2020.

Web Page


Hyperlink the title of the webpage.  If the document you are producing is print only, enter the URL after the last full stop.

If you are citing a PDF link to the site that houses the PDF not the PDF itself.

Use the same capitalisation as the organisation uses for the name of the website.

Include the word 'website' after the name of the website, unless the name of the website is a URL, for example


Author AA or Organisation Name (Year) Title of webpage, Name of the Website website, accessed Day Month Year.


University of Canberra (2009) Copyright guide, University of Canberra website, accessed 23 November 2009.

MacIsaac D (1995) An introduction to action research, Buffalo State Physics website, accessed 28 May 2004.

Simon, J, Smith, K & West, T 2009, Price incentives and consumer payment behaviour, Reserve Bank of Australia website, accessed 24 November 2009.

CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation) (n.d.) Reducing Australia's greenhouse emissions factsheet, CSIRO website, Canberra, accessed 3 June 2012.

EndNote Reference Type

Website as a whole - Book  (enter the URL as the publisher)

Web Page  (enter the web site as the publisher)

Citing a Source Within a Source

There are no formal guidelines for citing a source within a source in the Style Manual.  These instructions are based on the guidelines in the 6th edition of the Style Manual.

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell 1999:25) stated that '...'

'...' (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen and Kowalski 2009:63)

Reference list

Maxwell F (1999) Phonology, Brooks Cole, San Francisco.

Burton L, Westen D and Kowalski R (2009) Psychology, Wiley, Milton, Qld.

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

There are no formal guidelines for referencing an item without an author in the Style Manual.  These instructions are based on the guidelines in the 6th edition of the Style Manual.

If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.


Title of work (Year) Publisher, Location.


Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun (1983) Blackwell, Oxford, England.

No Location / No Publisher / No Year

General guidelines

The place of publication can be omitted if no place is known.

There are no guidelines for citing works with no publisher in the Style Manual. Consult your lecturer before citing material without a publisher.

If the date is not known - substitute n.d. in place of the year.

Format - no date

Author AA (n.d.) Title of work, Publisher, Location.


Browne JD (n.d.) Forensic science as a career, Tower, London.