APA follows guidelines outlined in The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation for parliamentary debates. Examples outlined below are for Australian Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Please consult The Bluebook for other jurisdictions.
Jurisdiction, Parliamentary Debates, Legislative Chamber, Day Month Year of debates, pages (full name of speaker and position, if applicable) (Country abbreviation if not evident) URL
Australian Capital Territory, Parliamentary Debates, Legislative Assembly, 2002, 15.
Commonwealth, Parliamentary Debates, House of Representatives, 2 March 2011 (Austl.) http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Hansard/
Commonwealth, Parliamentary Debates, House of Representatives, 25 June 2008, 5823 (Robert McClelland, Attorney-General)(Austl.)
If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.
Title of work. (Year of publication). Publisher. DOI or URL
Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun. (1983). Blackwell.
If the date is not known use n.d. in place of the year. If you have an approximate date use the abbreviation ca. (circa) and the approximate year.
Author, A. A. (ca. year). Title of work. Publisher. DOI or URL
Author, A. A. (n.d.). Title of work. Publisher. DOI or URL
Smythe, V. (ca. 2007). Ant colonies: How they communicate. Emu.
Browne, J. D. (n.d.). Forensic science as a career. Tower.
Secondary source refers to information first reported in another source, the primary source. If it is possible, find the original source and read it, citing the original source. If this is not possible then use the procedure below.
Provide a reference to the secondary source (the source you read) and, in-text, identify the primary source then write "as cited in" the secondary source that you used. Include the original year if you know it.
(Author 1, Year of original, as cited in Author 2, Year)
Author 1, Year of original (as cited in Author 2, Year)
Lilly (as cited in Maxwell, 1999) stated that ...
"..." (Schwartz, 2006, as cited in Burton, et al., 2009, p.63)
Maxwell, F. (1999). Phonology. Brooks Cole.
Burton, L., Westen, D., & Kowalski, R. (2009). Psychology. Wiley.
No format is available for Hansard.