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UC Referencing Guide


General Guidelines

List the host of the podcast as the author.  Provide the producer if the host is unknown.

Specify the type of podcast, audio or video, in square brackets.

Format - Podcast series

Creator, A. A. (Host). (Year, Month Day of creation). Title of work [Type of podcast]. Production Group. URL

Creator, A. A. (Host). (Range of years). Title of work [Type of podcast]. Production Group. URL

Producer, A. A. (Producer). (Year, Month Day of creation). Title of work [Type of podcast]. Production Group. URL

Format - Podcast episode

Creator, A. A. (Host). (Year, Month Day of creation). Title of Episode (Episode number) [Type of podcast episode]. In Title of Podcast. Production Group. URL


Lane, S., & Oriti, T. (Hosts). (2006-present). AM [Audio podcast]. ABC.

Glass, I. (Host). (2011, August 12). Amusement park (No. 443) [Audio podcast episode]. In This American Life. WBEZ Chicago.

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.


Title of work. (Year of publication). Publisher. DOI or URL


Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun. (1983). Blackwell.

No Year

General guidelines

If the date is not known use n.d. in place of the year. If you have an approximate date use the abbreviation ca. (circa) and the approximate year.


Author, A. A. (ca. year). Title of work. Publisher. DOI or URL

Author, A. A. (n.d.). Title of work. Publisher. DOI or URL


Smythe, V. (ca. 2007). Ant colonies: How they communicate. Emu.

Browne, J. D. (n.d.). Forensic science as a career. Tower.

Citing a Source Within a Source

Secondary source refers to information first reported in another source, the primary source. If it is possible, find the original source and read it, citing the original source.  If this is not possible then use the procedure below.

Provide a reference to the secondary source (the source you read) and, in-text, identify the primary source then write "as cited in" the secondary source that you used.  Include the original year if you know it.


(Author 1, Year of original, as cited in Author 2, Year)

Author 1, Year of original (as cited in Author 2, Year)

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell, 1999) stated that ...

"..." (Schwartz, 2006, as cited in Burton et al., 2009, p.63)

Reference list

Maxwell, F. (1999). Phonology. Brooks Cole.

Burton, L., Westen, D., & Kowalski, R. (2009). Psychology. Wiley.

EndNote Reference Type

Online Multimedia  or  Podcast