List the host of the podcast as the author. Provide the producer if the host is unknown.
Specify the type of podcast, audio or video, in square brackets.
Creator, A. A. (Host). (Year, Month Day of creation). Title of work [Type of podcast]. Production Group. URL
Creator, A. A. (Host). (Range of years). Title of work [Type of podcast]. Production Group. URL
Producer, A. A. (Producer). (Year, Month Day of creation). Title of work [Type of podcast]. Production Group. URL
Creator, A. A. (Host). (Year, Month Day of creation). Title of Episode (Episode number) [Type of podcast episode]. In Title of Podcast. Production Group. URL
Lane, S., & Oriti, T. (Hosts). (2006-present). AM [Audio podcast]. ABC. http://www.abc.net.au/am/
Glass, I. (Host). (2011, August 12). Amusement park (No. 443) [Audio podcast episode]. In This American Life. WBEZ Chicago. https://www.thisamericanlife.org/radio-archives/episode/443/amusement-park
If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.
Title of work. (Year of publication). Publisher. DOI or URL
Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun. (1983). Blackwell.
If the date is not known use n.d. in place of the year. If you have an approximate date use the abbreviation ca. (circa) and the approximate year.
Author, A. A. (ca. year). Title of work. Publisher. DOI or URL
Author, A. A. (n.d.). Title of work. Publisher. DOI or URL
Smythe, V. (ca. 2007). Ant colonies: How they communicate. Emu.
Browne, J. D. (n.d.). Forensic science as a career. Tower.
Secondary source refers to information first reported in another source, the primary source. If it is possible, find the original source and read it, citing the original source. If this is not possible then use the procedure below.
Provide a reference to the secondary source (the source you read) and, in-text, identify the primary source then write "as cited in" the secondary source that you used. Include the original year if you know it.
(Author 1, Year of original, as cited in Author 2, Year)
Author 1, Year of original (as cited in Author 2, Year)
Lilly (as cited in Maxwell, 1999) stated that ...
"..." (Schwartz, 2006, as cited in Burton, et al., 2009, p.63)
Maxwell, F. (1999). Phonology. Brooks Cole.
Burton, L., Westen, D., & Kowalski, R. (2009). Psychology. Wiley.
Online Multimedia or Podcast