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UC Referencing Guide


Note: There are no formal guidelines for Lectures in the Author/Date section of the Chicago Manual of Style 17th ed.  UC will be using the guidelines in the Notes section and adapting them to the Author/Date style.


Author. Year of lecture. "Title of Lecture." Lecture given in Unit number and name, University of Canberra, Month Day or Lecture/Week number. http://xxxxx


Andrews, Peter. 2009. "What is Fiction?" Lecture given in Unit 847 Writing Short Narratives, University of Canberra, Lecture 1, Week 1.

Reading Lists


Author. Year of publication. "Title of Article." Title of Journal Volume, no. Issue (Month): pages. University of Canberra Reading Lists.

Author. Year of publication. "Title of Chapter." Chap. xx in Title of Book. Location: Publisher. University of Canberra Reading Lists.

Author. Year of publication. "Title of Chapter." In Title of Book, pages. Location: Publisher. University of Canberra Reading Lists.


Rose, A. 1996. "Freedom of Information Under Review." Canberra Bulletin of Public Administration 80 (September): 4-8. University of Canberra Reading Lists.

Wilson, A., R. Johns, K. Miller and R. Pentecost. 2010. "Presenting and Using the Research Results." Chap. 11 in Marketing Research: An Integrated Approach. Frenchs Forest, Australia: Pearson. University of Canberra Reading Lists.

No Author / Editor

Note: If the author, editor, translator, of the like is unknown, the reference should start with the title.  Works attributed to "Anonymous" should use this as the author.


Title of Work. Year of publication. Edition. Location: Publisher. URL

Anonymous. Year of publication. Title of Work. Edition. Location: Publisher. URL


Anonymous. 1796. On the Prosodies of teh Greek and Latin Languages. London.

Macroeconomics, Prices and Quantities: Essays in Memory of Arthur M. Okun. 1983. Oxford: Blackwell.

No Location / Publisher / Year

If the location is unknown, the abbreviation n.p. takes the place of the location.

If the publisher is unknown, just enter the location and date.

If the year is unknown, the abbreviation n.d. or an estimated year in brackets bakes the place of the year.


Browne, J. D. n.d. Forensic Science as a Career. London: Tower.

Smythe, V. [2007?]. Ant Colonies: How They Communicate. Canberra: Emu.

Citing a Source Within a Source

It is always better to read the original source of a quote, however, you may not always have access to the original source. When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read, include the original author and date in the text and cite the secondary source.

In-text reference

Schwartz 1987 (quoted in Burton, Westen and Kowalski 2009, p.576) stated that "..."


 Burton, Lorelle, Drew Westen and Robin Kowalski. 2009. Psychology. 2nd ed. Milton, Australia: Wiley.

EndNote Reference Type

Lecture - Conference Paper

Reading List items - Electronic Article  or  Electronic Book Section