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UC Referencing Guide

General Guidelines

Journal titles are abbreviated in the Vancouver style of referencing.

Generally, abbreviate and capitalise significant words in a journal title, omitting words that are articles, conjunctions and prepositions e.g. of, the, at, in, and. Also, omit any punctuation like hyphens, commas and apostrophes, and do not include journal subtitles.

The following sources can be used as well to ensure your abbreviations are correct:

 

One Author

Format

Number. Author AA. Title of article. Title of Journal. Year Month Day of publication;volume(issue):pages.

Example

3. Jackson A. New approaches to drug therapy. Psychol Today Tomorrow. 2007;27(1):54-9.

7. Berno T. Social enterprise, sustainability and community in post-earthquake Christchurch: exploring the role of local food systems in building resilience. J Enterp Communities. 2017;11(1):149.

Many Authors

General guidelines

List all authors.

Options

Limit authors to 3 or 6.

Format

Number. Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD, Author EE, Author FF. Title of article. Title of Journal. Year Month Day of publication;volume(issue):pages.

Examples

6. Gluckman E, Ruggeri A, Rocha V, Baudoux E, Boo M, Kurtzberg J, Welte K, Navarrete C, van Walraven SM. Family-directed umbilical cord blood banking. Haematologica. 2011 Nov;96(11):1700-7.

6. Gluckman E, Ruggeri A, Rocha V, et al. Family-directed umbilical cord blood banking. Haematologica. 2011 Nov;96(11):1700-7.

6. Gluckman E, Ruggeri A, Rocha V, Baudoux E, Boo M, Kurtzberg J, et al. Family-directed umbilical cord blood banking. Haematologica. 2011 Nov;96(11):1700-7.

8. Elo A, Ervasti J, Kuosma E, Mattila P. Evaluation of an organizational stress management program in a municipal public works organization. J Occ Health Psychol. 2008;13(1):10-23.

10. Kramer E and Bloggs T. On quality in art and art therapy. Am J Art Therapy. 2002 May;40(4):218-22.

15. Wychick J, Thompson L. Fallen for a scam lately? Aust Today. 2005 Nov 24:54-60.

Book Review in a Journal

Guidelines

There are two options that can be used:

  • include an Article Type e.g. [book review] after the title of the article
  • include the Article Type and additional notes (a collective term used for further information given)
Format

Number. Author AA. Title of review [article type]. Title of Journal. Year Month Day of publication;volume(issue):pages.

Number. Author AA. Title of review [article type]. Title of Journal. Year Month Day of publication;volume(issue):pages. Review of: Author BB. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher; Year of Publication.

Examples

9. Marson SM. How big should we be? A Herculean task accomplished [book review]. Public Health Nutr. 2009 Aug;12(8):1299-300.

9. Marson SM. How big should we be? A Herculean task accomplished [book review]. Public Health Nutr. 2009 Aug;12(8):1299-300. Review of: Samaras T. Human Body Size and the Laws of Scaling. New York: Nova Science Publ.; 2007.

Relevant Chapter in Citing Medicine

EndNote Reference Type

Journal Article or Magazine Article (Enter the abbreviated title in Journal Title)

Book Review in Journal - Journal Article (Enter the reviewed item details in Reviewed Item)

Citing a Source Within a Source

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly as cited in Maxwell (3) stated that '...'

Burton (5) quoted Schwartz ...

References

3. Maxwell F. Phonology. San Franisco: Brooks Cole; 1999.

5. Burton L, Westen D, Kowalski R. Psychology. Milton (Australia): Wiley; 2009.

No Author / Editor

If no author or editor is present, start your reference with the Title of the item.

Example

5. Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun. Oxford: Blackwell; 1983.

No Location / No Publisher / No Year

If no location is present substitute an inferred place [Chicago?] or the phrase [place unknown].

If no publisher is present substitute the phrase [publisher unknown].

If no year is present substitute an approximate date [1976?] or the phrase [date unknown].

Examples

7. Smythe V. Ant colonies: how they communicate. Canberra: Emu Press; [2007?].

12. Browne JD. Forensic science as a career. London: Tower Publishing; [date unknown].

16. Hawaii [map on the Internet]. [place, publisher, date unknown] [cited 2012 Jul 20]. Available from: http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-6Ckq2CCag0Q/Tr4plGlC-HI/AAAAAAAACLo/CjKZCLjyAvk/s1600/islands-of-hawaii-map.gif