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UC Referencing Guide

Websites and Pages


Sponsor of site. Year of creation. "Title of Document." Version. Author. Last modified Month Day, Year. URL

Sponsor of site. n.d. "Title of Document." Version. Author. Accessed Month Day, Year. URL


Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation. n.d. "Reducing Australia's Greenhouse Emissions Factsheet." CSIRO. Accessed November 21, 2009.

Action Research & Action Learning for Community & Organisational Change. n.d. "A Beginner's Guide to Action Research." Bob Dick. Accessed November 1, 2012,

Physics Education at Buffalo State College. n.d. "An Introduction to Action Research." Dan MacIsaac. Accessed November 1, 2012.

Reserve Bank of Australia. 2009. "Price Incentives and Consumer Payment Behaviour." John Simon, Kylie Smith and Tim West. Last modified June, 2009.

University of Canberra. 2009. "Copyright Guide." Version 13. University of Canberra. Last modified January 22, 2009.

No Author / Editor

Note: If the author, editor, translator, of the like is unknown, the reference should start with the title.  Works attributed to "Anonymous" should use this as the author.


Title of Work. Year of publication. Edition. Location: Publisher. URL

Anonymous. Year of publication. Title of Work. Edition. Location: Publisher. URL


Anonymous. 1796. On the Prosodies of teh Greek and Latin Languages. London.

Macroeconomics, Prices and Quantities: Essays in Memory of Arthur M. Okun. 1983. Oxford: Blackwell.

No Location / Publisher / Year

If the location is unknown, the abbreviation n.p. takes the place of the location.

If the publisher is unknown, just enter the location and date.

If the year is unknown, the abbreviation n.d. or an estimated year in brackets bakes the place of the year.


Browne, J. D. n.d. Forensic Science as a Career. London: Tower.

Smythe, V. [2007?]. Ant Colonies: How They Communicate. Canberra: Emu.

Citing a Source Within a Source

It is always better to read the original source of a quote, however, you may not always have access to the original source. When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read, include the original author and date in the text and cite the secondary source.

In-text reference

Schwartz 1987 (quoted in Burton, Westen and Kowalski 2009, p.576) stated that "..."


 Burton, Lorelle, Drew Westen and Robin Kowalski. 2009. Psychology. 2nd ed. Milton, Australia: Wiley.

EndNote Reference Type

Web Page - Enter sponsor of site in Author and authors in Description