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UC Referencing Guide

Data set

Hyperlink the title of works available online.  If the document you are creating is print only, include a URL after the final full stop in the reference.

Author AA (Year) Title of publication [data set], version, Website, accessed Day Month Year.

Author AA (Year) Title or description of data set [unpublished data set], Organisation, accessed Day Month Year.


Baer RA (2015) Correlations between the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire and the Kentucky Inventory of Mindfulness Skills [unpublished data set], University of Kentucky.

D'Souza A and Wiseheart M (2018) Cognitive effects of music and dance training in children [data set] ICPSR 37080, version V1, ICPSR website, accessed 6 May 2021.

Pew Research Center (2018) American trends panel Wave 26 [data set], Pew Research Center website, accessed 6 May 2021.

EndNote Reference Type


Citing a Source Within a Source

There are no formal guidelines for citing a source within a source in the Style Manual.  These instructions are based on the guidelines in the 6th edition of the Style Manual.

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell 1999:25) stated that '...'

'...' (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen and Kowalski 2009:63)

Reference list

Maxwell F (1999) Phonology, Brooks Cole, San Francisco.

Burton L, Westen D and Kowalski R (2009) Psychology, Wiley, Milton, Qld.

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

There are no formal guidelines for referencing an item without an author in the Style Manual.  These instructions are based on the guidelines in the 6th edition of the Style Manual.

If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.


Title of work (Year) Publisher, Location.


Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun (1983) Blackwell, Oxford, England.

No Location / No Publisher / No Year

General guidelines

The place of publication can be omitted if no place is known.

There are no guidelines for citing works with no publisher in the Style Manual. Consult your lecturer before citing material without a publisher.

If the date is not known - substitute n.d. in place of the year.

Format - no date

Author AA (n.d.) Title of work, Publisher, Location.


Browne JD (n.d.) Forensic science as a career, Tower, London.