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UC Referencing Guide

General Guidelines

Hyperlink the title if the conference is online.  If the document you are creating is print only, enter the URL after the last full stop. 

If you are citing a PDF do not link to the PDF but to the page that hosts the PDF. 

Conference Proceedings


Author AA (Year), Title of conference, Publisher, Location.

Author AA (Year), Title of conference, accessed Day Month Year.


Bazirjian R and Speck V (eds) (2002) Charleston Conference proceedings, Libraries Unlimited, Westport, CO.

Australian Psychological Society. (2008) Australian Psychological Society's Psychology of Relationships Interest Group Conference proceedings, accessed 1 August 2012.

Conference Paper - Published

Format - Paper in published proceedings

Author AA (Day Month Year) 'Title of paper' [conference presentation], Title of Conference, Conference location, accessed Day Month Year.


Tester JW (19-22 August 2008) 'The future of geothermal energy as a major global energy supplier' [conference presentation], Sir Mark Oliphant International Frontiers of Science and Technology Australian Geothermal Energy Conference, Canberra, accessed 5 January 2010, 

Edge M (14-19 May1996) 'Lifetime prediction: Fact or fancy?' [conference presentation], Conference on Research Techniques in Photographic Conservation, Copenhagen.

Kahn JT (8-11 May 2011) 'Electrical and mechanical design of multipurpose ducted-fan type VTOL UAV' [conference presentation], 24th Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (CCECE), Niagara Falls, Canada, accessed 16 May 2012.

Conference Paper - Unpublished

Format - Unpublished paper, paper presentation or poster session

Presenter AA (Day Month Year) 'Title of paper or poster session' [unpublished conference presentation], Conference Name, Conference location.


Bernecky R 11-14 June 2003) 'An SPMD/SIMD Parallel Tokenizer for APL' [unpublished conference presentation], APL 2003 : Stretching the Mind, San Diego, CA.

EndNote Reference Type

Conference proceedings - Book or Electronic Book

Conference paper - Conference paper

Citing a Source Within a Source

There are no formal guidelines for citing a source within a source in the Style Manual.  These instructions are based on the guidelines in the 6th edition of the Style Manual.

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell 1999:25) stated that '...'

'...' (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen and Kowalski 2009:63)

Reference list

Maxwell F (1999) Phonology, Brooks Cole, San Francisco.

Burton L, Westen D and Kowalski R (2009) Psychology, Wiley, Milton, Qld.

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

There are no formal guidelines for referencing an item without an author in the Style Manual.  These instructions are based on the guidelines in the 6th edition of the Style Manual.

If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.


Title of work (Year) Publisher, Location.


Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun (1983) Blackwell, Oxford, England.

No Location / No Publisher / No Year

General guidelines

The place of publication can be omitted if no place is known.

There are no guidelines for citing works with no publisher in the Style Manual. Consult your lecturer before citing material without a publisher.

If the date is not known - substitute n.d. in place of the year.

Format - no date

Author AA (n.d.) Title of work, Publisher, Location.


Browne JD (n.d.) Forensic science as a career, Tower, London.