The Vancouver style of referencing is a numbered referencing style predominantly used in the health science field.
It takes its name from a meeting held in 1978 in Vancouver, Canada, where a group of editors of general medical journals met "to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals" (see International Committee of Medical Journal Editors).
The style guide to refer to for this style is Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers, currently published by the National Library of Medicine. This publication permits a number of variations in format. In this referencing guide, some options are noted but not everything is listed.
This style is also known as National Library of Medicine (NLM) or ICMJE style.
Number. Author AA. Title of work. Location: Publisher; Year of publication.
Number. Editor AA, editor. Title of work. Location: Publisher; Year of publication.
Number. Author AA. Title of article. Abbreviated Title of Journal. Year Month Day of publication;volume(issue):pp-p.
Smith JP, Tindale F.
Smith, John P; Tindale, Fiona.
This is my life: collection of photos by Andrew Snowden
[Child playing with dog]
How we use mobile phones. Soc Sci Q.
New York: Python Books
Cambridge (MA): MIT Press
Cambridge (GB): Python
North Ryde (Australia): Penguin Books
London: SAGE; 2012. Published in association with the Open University.
You need to provide an in-text reference if you:
Vancouver uses Arabic numbers to number references. The numbers are put either:
(Note: Check with your lecturer or tutor for the preferred option to use in your assignments.)
The Reference List appears at the end of your paper, the references are listed in numerical order.
References are created using these style guidelines.
You will need to compile a list of all sources used in your assignment/report. Your Reference list must provide full and accurate details, as it is the means by which the reader can follow up your sources. Guidelines for referencing a variety of sources are available in this Library Guide.
The reference list is a numbered list and should be single spaced with one line space between each entry unless your lecturer has advised differently. Check your unit outline or consult with your lecturer.
There are a variety of Vancouver Citation Styles supplied by EndNote. These are incomplete and are not suitable for use at the University of Canberra.
If you are using the EndNote program to organise your references, please download the UC Vancouver Styles below.
(To use these styles successfully please enter your references using the reference types listed on each page of this guide.)