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UC Referencing Guide


See also Government Document

Hyperlink the title if the item is available online.  If the document you are producing is print only, enter the URL after the last full stop.

Use the organisation name that appears on the source.

Use the shortened form of the name in your in-text citation.  Use the shortened form followed by the full name in parentheses in the reference.

If the corporate author and publisher are the same, you can use an abbreviation for the name of the publisher.


Author AA or Organisation Name (Year) Title of work, Name or Organisation.

Format - report part of a series

Author AA or Organisation name (Year) 'Title of report, Title of series, report or catalogue number, Name of Organisation, accessed Day Month Year.

Format - report known by a short title

Short title - Author AA (Year) Title of report, Name of Organisation, accessed Day Month Year.


Simon J, Smith K and West T (2009) Price incentives and consumer payment behaviour, Reserve Bank of Australia, accessed 24 November 2009.

Murray-Darling Basin Commission (2004) 'Sustainable Rivers Audit [PDF 1245KB]' Physical habitat theme Pilot Audit technical report, MDBC publication 28/04, Murray-Darling Basin Commission, Canberra.

Gonski report - Gonski D, Boston K, Greiner K, Lawrence C, Scales B and Tannock P (2011) Review of funding for schooling: final report, Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Australian Government, accessed 11 February 2020.

WHO (World Health Organisation) (2015) Health in 2015; from MDGs millenium development goals to SDGs sustainable development goals, WHO, accessed 4 June 2021.

EndNote Reference Type

Report  or  Audiovisual Material (use this for items that are part of a series, enter the report number in the volume)

Citing a Source Within a Source

There are no formal guidelines for citing a source within a source in the Style Manual.  These instructions are based on the guidelines in the 6th edition of the Style Manual.

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell 1999:25) stated that '...'

'...' (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen and Kowalski 2009:63)

Reference list

Maxwell F (1999) Phonology, Brooks Cole, San Francisco.

Burton L, Westen D and Kowalski R (2009) Psychology, Wiley, Milton, Qld.

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

There are no formal guidelines for referencing an item without an author in the Style Manual.  These instructions are based on the guidelines in the 6th edition of the Style Manual.

If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.


Title of work (Year) Publisher, Location.


Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun (1983) Blackwell, Oxford, England.

No Location / No Publisher / No Year

General guidelines

The place of publication can be omitted if no place is known.

There are no guidelines for citing works with no publisher in the Style Manual. Consult your lecturer before citing material without a publisher.

If the date is not known - substitute n.d. in place of the year.

Format - no date

Author AA (n.d.) Title of work, Publisher, Location.


Browne JD (n.d.) Forensic science as a career, Tower, London.