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UC Referencing Guide

General Guidelines

Hyperlink the title if the book is online.  If the document you are creating is print only, enter the URL after the last full stop. 

As books are published in editions, you don't need to include an accessed date.

Include a DOI if the book has one.

Only include the place of publication if it is relevant to the reader, for clarification of origin or to lend credibility to your source.

One Author

Format

Author AA (Year) Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Examples

Cochrane A (2007) Understanding urban policy: a critical approach, Blackwell Publishing, Malden, MA.

Eades D (2013) Aboriginal ways of using English, Aboriginal Studies Press, Canberra.

Fullan M (1996) The new meaning of educational change, Cassell.

Maddison S (2013) Australian public policy: theory and practice, 2nd edn, Cambridge University Press, doi:10.1017/CB09781107255920.

Two Authors

Format

Author AA and Author BB (Year) Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Examples

Littlejohn SW and Foss KA (2005) Theories of human communication, 8th edn, Thomas Wadsworth, Southbank, Vic.

Carr W and Kemmis S (1986) Becoming critical: education knowledge and action research, Falmer Press, London.

Three or More Authors

General guidelines

List all authors.

Format

Author AA, Author BB, Author CC and Author DD (Year) Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Examples

Duffy A, Deakin V, Wieniawa-Narkiewicz E and Wilson K (2001) Guide to writing in biomedical sciences, University of Canberra.

Green WA, Hodges B, Simons HJ, Mally QG, De Vanders WM, Smith A, Andrews PF and Greve MJ (2009) Matrix regression functions applicable to variable plasma fluxes, 2nd rev edn, University of New South Wales.

Niemann S, Greenstein D and David D (2004) Helping children who are deaf: family and community support for children who do not hear well, Hesperian.

Corporate Authors / Organisation

Format - Corporate author, different publisher

Corporate Author or Abbreviation (Corporate Author) (Year of publication) Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Example

ANAO (Australian National Audit Office) (1990) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission: Community Development Employment Project, AGPS, Canberra.

Format - Corporate author same as publisher

Corporate Author or Abbreviation (Corporate Author) (Year of publication) Title of work, Corporate Author Abbreviation, Location.

Example

AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) (2009) Indigenous housing needs 2009: a multi-measure needs model, AIHW cat. no. JOU 214, AIHW, Canberra.

Oxford University Press (2016) New Oxford style manual, OUP.

Edited Book

Format

Editor AA (ed) (Year) Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Editor AA and Editor BB (eds) (Year) Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Author AA (Year) Title of work (Editor A ed), Publisher, Location.

Example

Zairi M (ed) (1999) Best practice: process innovation management, Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford.

Inge MT, Duke M and Bryer JR (eds) (1978) Black American writers: bibliographical essays, vols 1 & 2, St. Martins, New York.

Kemmis S and McTaggart R (eds) (1988) The action research planner, 3rd edn, Deakin University, Melbourne.

Shakespeare W (1600/1967) The merchant of Venice (Moelwyn W ed), Penguin Books Ltd, Harmondsworth.

Later Editions

These are some edition statements you may see.

  • 7th ed
  • 1st paperback edition
  • Rev ed
  • 2nd ed, rev and expanded
  • 1st American ed
  • New ed
  • Facsim ed
Format

Author AA (Year) Title of work, x edn, Publisher, Location.

Editor AA (ed) (Year) Title of work, x edn, Publisher, Location.

Example

Littlejohn SW and Foss KA (2005) Theories of human communication, 8th edn, Thomas Wadsworth, Southbank, Vic.

Kemmis S and McTaggart R (eds) (1988) The action research planner, 3rd edn, Deakin University, Melbourne.

Green WA, Hodges B, Simons HJ, Heverson HJ, Mally QG, De Vanders WM, Smith A, Andrews PF and Greve MJ (2009) Matrix regression functions applicable to variable plasma fluxes, 2nd rev edn, University of New South Wales, Sydney.

Translated Book

Format

Author AA (Year) Title of work (Translator AA trans), Publisher, Location.

Example

Backman F and Hall F (2015) A man called Ove: a novel (Koch H and Zimmer K trans), Washington Square Press, New York.

Gaarder J (1994) Sophie's world: a novel about the history of philosophy (Moller P trans), Phoenix House, London.

Multi-volume Works

Note

There are no guidelines for referencing multi-volume sets in the Style Manual.  The Library has treated them as a book with additional description and as a chapter in a book.

Format

Author AA (Year) Title of work (vols. x), Publisher, Location.

Editor AA (ed)(Year) Title of work (vols. x), Publisher, Location.

Author AA (Year) 'Title of the volume', in Title of entire work (vol. x), Publisher, Location.

Examples

Inge MT, Duke M and Bryer JR (eds) (1978) Black American writers: bibliographical essays (vols 1 & 2), St. Martins, New York.

Clark CMH (1978) 'The earth abideth for ever, 1851-1888', in A history of Australia (vol 4), Melbourne University Press.

EndNote Reference Type

Book

Citing a Source Within a Source

There are no formal guidelines for citing a source within a source in the Style Manual.  These instructions are based on the guidelines in the 6th edition of the Style Manual.

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell 1999:25) stated that '...'

'...' (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen and Kowalski 2009:63)

Reference list

Maxwell F (1999) Phonology, Brooks Cole, San Francisco.

Burton L, Westen D and Kowalski R (2009) Psychology, Wiley, Milton, Qld.

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

There are no formal guidelines for referencing an item without an author in the Style Manual.  These instructions are based on the guidelines in the 6th edition of the Style Manual.

If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.

Format

Title of work (Year) Publisher, Location.

Examples

Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun (1983) Blackwell, Oxford, England.

No Location / No Publisher / No Year

General guidelines

The place of publication can be omitted if no place is known.

There are no guidelines for citing works with no publisher in the Style Manual. Consult your lecturer before citing material without a publisher.

If the date is not known - substitute n.d. in place of the year.

Format - no date

Author AA (n.d.) Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Examples

Browne JD (n.d.) Forensic science as a career, Tower, London.