University of Canberra
Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

UC Referencing Guide

Blog

Format - Full blog

Number. Author AA. Title of blog [Internet]. Location: Publisher. Year Month Day of publication [cited Year Month Day]. Available from: http://xxxxx

Format - Blog entry by blog owner

Number. Author AA. Title of blog [Internet]. Location: Publisher. Year Month Day of start of blog. Title of blog entry; Year Month Day of publication [cited Year Month Day]; [about xx screens]. Available from: http://xxxxx

Format - Blog entry by author not the blog owner

Number. Author AA. Title of blog entry. Year Month Day of publication [cited Year Month Day]. In: Blog Owner. Title of blog [Internet]. Location: Publisher. Year Month Day of start of blog. [about xx screens]. Available from: http://xxxxx

Example - Blog entry

8. Keirn B. ID error leaves fish at edge of extinction. 2009 Nov 18 [cited 2009 Nov 20]. In: Wired. Wired Science Blog [Internet]. [place unknown]: Wired. [date unknown]. [about 4 screens]. Available from: http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2009/11/extinction-error/

 

Format - Comment on a blog post

Number. Author AA. Comment on: "Original blog post". Year Month Day of comment [cited Year Month Day]. In: Blog Owner. Title of blog [Internet]. Location: Publisher. Year Month Day of start of blog. [about xx screens]. Available from: http://xxxxx

Example - Comment on a blog post

QuantumLo0p. Comment on: "ID error leaves fish at edge of extinction". 2009 Nov 19 [cited 2009 Nov 20]. In: Wired. Wired Science Blog [Internet]. [place unknown]: Wired. [date unknown]. [about 1 screen]. Available from: http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2009/11/extinction-error/

 

Format - Discussion list

Number. Author AA. Title of message. In: Title of discussion list [Internet]. Location: Publisher; Year Month Day of publication [cited Year Month Day]. [about xx screens]. Available from: http://xxxxx (optional)

Example - Discussion list

7. Weidner D. KM reducing in popularity. In: ActKM [Internet]. [place unknown]: ActKM; 2007 Jun 11 [cited 2007 Jun 11]. [about 2 screens].

7. Weidner D. KM reducing in popularity. In: ActKM [Internet]. [place unknown]: ActKM; 2007 Jun 11 [cited 2007 Jun 11]. [about 2 screens]. Available from: http://actkm.org/mailman/listinfo/actkm_actkm.org

YouTube

Format

Number. Author AA. Title of work [Internet]. Location: Publisher; Year Month Day of creation [cited Year Month Day]. Video: xx min. Available from: http://xxxx

Example

5. Rudd K. Update on new G20 arrangements [Internet]. Canberra: Kevin Rudd; 2009 Sep 29 [cited 2009 Nov 20]. Video: 2 min. Available from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i8IdJ-0S5rs

EndNote Reference Type

Blog - Blog (Enter post date in Last Update Date, owner of blog in Editor, date of start of blog in Year, about xx screens in Description)

Discussion List - Book Section (Enter Post in Title, discussion list name in Book Title, full date of post in Year, about xx screens in Section)

YouTube - Online Multimedia (Enter full date in Year, Location and publisher in Distributor, cited date in Cited Year and Cited Date, Video: xx min in Type of Work)

Citing a Source Within a Source

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly as cited in Maxwell (3) stated that '...'

Burton (5) quoted Schwartz ...

References

3. Maxwell F. Phonology. San Franisco: Brooks Cole; 1999.

5. Burton L, Westen D, Kowalski R. Psychology. Milton (Australia): Wiley; 2009.

No Author / Editor

If no author or editor is present, start your reference with the Title of the item.

Example

5. Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun. Oxford: Blackwell; 1983.

No Location / No Publisher / No Year

If no location is present substitute an inferred place [Chicago?] or the phrase [place unknown].

If no publisher is present substitute the phrase [publisher unknown].

If no year is present substitute an approximate date [1976?] or the phrase [date unknown].

Examples

7. Smythe V. Ant colonies: how they communicate. Canberra: Emu Press; [2007?].

12. Browne JD. Forensic science as a career. London: Tower Publishing; [date unknown].

16. Hawaii [map on the Internet]. [place, publisher, date unknown] [cited 2012 Jul 20]. Available from: http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-6Ckq2CCag0Q/Tr4plGlC-HI/AAAAAAAACLo/CjKZCLjyAvk/s1600/islands-of-hawaii-map.gif