University of Canberra
Skip to main content

UC Referencing Guide

TV / Radio - Program

Format

Presenter, A. A. (Host). (Year, Month Day of program). Title of program [Description]. Production company. URL

Examples

Kimball, C. (Host). (2009, September 4). Stateline [Television broadcast]. ABC TV.

Koval, R. (Host). (2009, November 19). The Book Show [Radio broadcast]. ABC Radio National.

TV / Radio - Program Segment

Format

Presenter, A. A. (Host). (Year, Month Day of program). Title of segment [Description]. In Title of program. Production company. URL

Examples

Mitchell, N. (Host). (2009, October 16). Interview with the Prime Minister, Kevin Rudd [Radio broadcast]. In Mornings with Neil Mitchell. Radio 3AW.

Denton, A. (Host). (2006, September 25). Interview with Raelene Boyle [Television broadcast]. In Enough Rope with Andrew Denton. ABC.

TV / Radio - Episode From a Series

Format

Director, A. A. (Director). (Year of production). Title of episode (Season x, Episode x)  [Description]. In B. Producer (Executive/Associate Producer), Title of Series. Production Company. URL

Author. A. A. (Writer). (Year of production). Title of episode (Season x, Episode x)  [Description]. In B. Producer (Executive/Associate Producer), Title of Series. Production Company. URL

Example

Manners, K. (Director). (1988). Holograms (Season 1, Episode 3)  [Television series episode]. In R. Nelson (Associate Producer), Mission Impossible. Paramount Pictures.

TV / Radio - Transcript

Format

Presenter, A. A. (Host). (Year, Month Day of program). Title of segment [Description]. In Title of program. URL

Examples

McLaughlin, M. (Host). (2004, November 7). Cyclone Tracy [Television broadcast transcript]. In Rewind.   http://www.abc.net.au/tv/rewind/txt/s1233697.htm.

Mascall, S. (Host). (2005, February 14). Are we hardwired for creativity? [Radio broadcast transcript] In Innovations. http://www.abc.net.au/ra/innovations/stories/s1302318.htm.

TV / Radio - Advertisement

Format

Producer, A. A. (Producer). (Year, Month Day of broadcast). Title of work [Description]. Production company.

Example

Beyondblue (Producer). (2009). Beyondblue: Anxiety [Television advertisement]. WIN TV.

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.

Format

Title of work. (Year of publication). Publisher. DOI or URL

Example

Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun. (1983). Blackwell.

No Year

General guidelines

If the date is not known use n.d. in place of the year. If you have an approximate date use the abbreviation ca. (circa) and the approximate year.

Format

Author, A. A. (ca. year). Title of work. Publisher. DOI or URL

Author, A. A. (n.d.). Title of work. Publisher. DOI or URL

Examples

Smythe, V. (ca. 2007). Ant colonies: How they communicate. Emu.

Browne, J. D. (n.d.). Forensic science as a career. Tower.

Citing a Source Within a Source

Secondary source refers to information first reported in another source, the primary source. If it is possible, find the original source and read it, citing the original source.  If this is not possible then use the procedure below.

Provide a reference to the secondary source (the source you read) and, in-text, identify the primary source then write "as cited in" the secondary source that you used.

Format

(Author 1 as cited in Author 2, Year)

Author 1 (as cited in Author 2, Year)

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell, 1999) stated that ...

"..." (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen, & Kowalski, 2009, p.63)

Reference list

Maxwell, F. (1999). Phonology. Brooks Cole.

Burton, L., Westen, D., & Kowalski, R. (2009). Psychology. Wiley.

EndNote Reference Type

Program or Advertisement - Audiovisual Material

Segment or Transcript - Book Section

Episode - Television Episode