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UC Referencing Guide

Government Documents

Format

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of report (Report number). Publisher. DOI or URL

Corporate Author. (Year of publication). Title of report (Report number). Publisher. DOI or URL

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of report (Title of report series, Issue No.) Publisher. DOI or URL

Note

If the corporate author and publisher are the same, you may omit the publisher.

Examples

Department of Finance and Administration. (2006). Delivering Australian Government services: Managing multiple channels.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2007). Australian social trends (Cat.no. 4102.0).

Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. (2008). Families in Australia 2008. http://www.dpmc.gov.au/publications/families/index.cfm.

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.

Format

Title of work. (Year of publication). Publisher. DOI or URL

Example

Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun. (1983). Blackwell.

No Year

General guidelines

If the date is not known use n.d. in place of the year. If you have an approximate date use the abbreviation ca. (circa) and the approximate year.

Format

Author, A. A. (ca. year). Title of work. Publisher. DOI or URL

Author, A. A. (n.d.). Title of work. Publisher. DOI or URL

Examples

Smythe, V. (ca. 2007). Ant colonies: How they communicate. Emu.

Browne, J. D. (n.d.). Forensic science as a career. Tower.

Citing a Source Within a Source

Secondary source refers to information first reported in another source, the primary source. If it is possible, find the original source and read it, citing the original source.  If this is not possible then use the procedure below.

Provide a reference to the secondary source (the source you read) and, in-text, identify the primary source then write "as cited in" the secondary source that you used.

Format

(Author 1 as cited in Author 2, Year)

Author 1 (as cited in Author 2, Year)

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell, 1999) stated that ...

"..." (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen, & Kowalski, 2009, p.63)

Reference list

Maxwell, F. (1999). Phonology. Brooks Cole.

Burton, L., Westen, D., & Kowalski, R. (2009). Psychology. Wiley.

EndNote Reference Type

Report