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UC Referencing Guide

Artwork in a Book

Format

Creator, A. A. (Year of creation). Title of image [Description of material]. In A. A. Author (if different from the creator). Title of work (p. x). Publisher. DOI or URL.

Note: If the book has plates inserted between numbered pages, use the plate number in place of page.

Example

van Gough, V. (1889). The starry night [Painting]. In S. Hodge. Art: Everything you need to know about the greatest artists and their works (p. 189). Querous.

Artwork in an Exhibition Catalogue

Format

Creator, A. A. (Year). Title of exhibition. Medium and dates. Museum / Gallery Name. URL.

Example

Collerton, E. (Ed.). (2011). Antonio Dattilo-Rubbo. Exhibition catalogue 28 May - 14 August. Art Gallery of New South Wales.

Artwork in a Museum

Format

Creator, A. A. (Year of creation). Title of work [Description]. Museum Name, Museum Location. URL

Note: Add the URL if you viewed the item on the museum's web site.

Examples

Rivers, R. G. (1903). Under the jacaranda [Oil on canvas]. Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane. httyps://www.qagoma.qld.gov.au/whats-on/exhibitions/australian-collection

Rodin, A. (1902). The thinker [Bronze and marble sculpture]. Musee Rodin, Paris, France.

Art Exhibition

If there is a curator, treat as an editor.  Include the dates of the exhibition as shown in the example below.  Do not include the URL if viewed in person.

Format

Curator, A. A. (Curator). (Date of exhibition). Exhibition title [Exhibition]. Museum Name, Museum Location. URL

Example

Hart, D., Pitt, E., &Dal Pozzo, Y. (Curators). (14 Nov 2020 - 4 July 2021). Know my name: Australian women artists 1900 to now [Exhibition]. National Gallery of Australia, Canberra. https://knowmyname.nga.gov.au/events/australian-women-artists-1900-now/

Artwork From the Web

Format

Creator, A. A. (Year of creation). Title of work [Description]. Website. URL.

Examples

GDJ. (2018). Neural network deep learning prismatic [Clip art]. Openclipart. https://openclipart.org/detail/309343/neural-network-deep-learing-prismatic

McCurry, S. (1985). Afghan girl [Photograph]. National Geographic. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/magazine/national-geographic-magazine-50-years-of-covers/#/ngm-1985-jun-714.jpg

Monet, C. (1890). Haystacks, midday [Photograph of painting]. National Gallery of Australia. http://artsearch.nga.gov.au/Detail-LRG.cfm?IRN=29073&View-LRG

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

When the author is not named / unknown, the title of the work replaces the author position.  If the work is signed "Anonymous", use anonymous as the author.

Format

Title of work. (Year of publication). Publisher. DOI or URL

Example

Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun. (1983). Blackwell.

No Year

General guidelines

If the date is not known use n.d. in place of the year. If you have an approximate date use the abbreviation ca. (circa) and the approximate year.

Format

Author, A. A. (ca. year). Title of work. Publisher. DOI or URL

Author, A. A. (n.d.). Title of work. Publisher. DOI or URL

Examples

Smythe, V. (ca. 2007). Ant colonies: How they communicate. Emu.

Browne, J. D. (n.d.). Forensic science as a career. Tower.

Citing a Source Within a Source

Secondary source refers to information first reported in another source, the primary source. If it is possible, find the original source and read it, citing the original source.  If this is not possible then use the procedure below.

Provide a reference to the secondary source (the source you read) and, in-text, identify the primary source then write "as cited in" the secondary source that you used.

Format

(Author 1 as cited in Author 2, Year)

Author 1 (as cited in Author 2, Year)

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell, 1999) stated that ...

"..." (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen, & Kowalski, 2009, p.63)

Reference list

Maxwell, F. (1999). Phonology. Brooks Cole.

Burton, L., Westen, D., & Kowalski, R. (2009). Psychology. Wiley.

EndNote Reference Type

Artwork