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UC Referencing Guide

Music - Print


Author. Year of publication. Title of Work. Location: Publisher. URL


Brown, Bob. 2009. Big Bad Bushranger. Malvern, Australia: Omnibus Books.

Davis, Benny and Harry Akst. 1978. Baby Face. n.p.: B&G Akst Publishing and Benny Davis Music.

Recorded Music

Format - Track from album

Composer / Performer. Year of release. "Title of track." On Title of Album. Special description. Publisher Publisher Number, medium. URL

Format - Song or album only

Composer / Performer. Year of release. Title of Song or Album. Special description. Publisher Publisher Number, medium. URL


Kelly, Paul. 1997. "From Little Things Big Things Grow." On Songs from the South: Paul Kelly's Greatest Hits. Mushroom Records, CD.

Fanning, Bernard. 2005. "Wish You Well." On Tea & Sympathy. Dew Process / Universal Music Australia, CD.

Fanning, Bernard. 2005. Wish You Well. Dew Process / Universal Music Australia, MP3,

Split Enz. 1982. "Dirty Creature." On Time and Tide. Mushroom Records, record.

Split Enz. 1982. Time and Tide. Mushroom Records, record.

No Author / Editor

Note: If the author, editor, translator, of the like is unknown, the reference should start with the title.  Works attributed to "Anonymous" should use this as the author.


Title of Work. Year of publication. Edition. Location: Publisher. URL

Anonymous. Year of publication. Title of Work. Edition. Location: Publisher. URL


Anonymous. 1796. On the Prosodies of teh Greek and Latin Languages. London.

Macroeconomics, Prices and Quantities: Essays in Memory of Arthur M. Okun. 1983. Oxford: Blackwell.

No Location / Publisher / Year

If the location is unknown, the abbreviation n.p. takes the place of the location.

If the publisher is unknown, just enter the location and date.

If the year is unknown, the abbreviation n.d. or an estimated year in brackets bakes the place of the year.


Browne, J. D. n.d. Forensic Science as a Career. London: Tower.

Smythe, V. [2007?]. Ant Colonies: How They Communicate. Canberra: Emu.

Citing a Source Within a Source

It is always better to read the original source of a quote, however, you may not always have access to the original source. When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read, include the original author and date in the text and cite the secondary source.

In-text reference

Schwartz 1987 (quoted in Burton, Westen and Kowalski 2009, p.576) stated that "..."


 Burton, Lorelle, Drew Westen and Robin Kowalski. 2009. Psychology. 2nd ed. Milton, Australia: Wiley.

EndNote Reference Type

Print music - Book  or  Electronic Book

Recorded music - Music