University of Canberra
Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

UC Referencing Guide

Press / Media Release


Hyperlink the title if the item is accessed online.  If the document you are producing is print only, enter the URL after the last full stop.

Format - with Author

Author AA (Day Month Year) Title of release [media release], Organisation Name, accessed Day Month Year.

Format - no Author

Organisation Name or Abbreviation (Day Month Year) Title of release [media release] Organisation Name or Abbreviation, accessed Day Month Year.


Birmingham S (9 January 2017) Tens of thousands of preschoolers to learn a language in 2017 [media release] Department of Education and Training, accessed 16 February 2017.

Woolworths Group (28 December 2016) Woolworths to sell fuel business and enter strategic partnership with BP [media release], Woolworths Group, accessed 16 March 2017.

EndNote Reference Type

Online Multimedia (Enter date viewed as Day Month Year in Date Accessed field and media release in Type of Work field)

Citing a Source Within a Source

There are no formal guidelines for citing a source within a source in the Style Manual.  These instructions are based on the guidelines in the 6th edition of the Style Manual.

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell 1999:25) stated that '...'

'...' (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen and Kowalski 2009:63)

Reference list

Maxwell F (1999) Phonology, Brooks Cole, San Francisco.

Burton L, Westen D and Kowalski R (2009) Psychology, Wiley, Milton, Qld.

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

There are no formal guidelines for referencing an item without an author in the Style Manual.  These instructions are based on the guidelines in the 6th edition of the Style Manual.

If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.


Title of work (Year) Publisher, Location.


Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun (1983) Blackwell, Oxford, England.

No Location / No Publisher / No Year

General guidelines

The place of publication can be omitted if no place is known.

There are no guidelines for citing works with no publisher in the Style Manual. Consult your lecturer before citing material without a publisher.

If the date is not known - substitute n.d. in place of the year.

Format - no date

Author AA (n.d.) Title of work, Publisher, Location.


Browne JD (n.d.) Forensic science as a career, Tower, London.