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UC Referencing Guide

General Guidelines

E-books are cited the same way as that of a book appearing in print with the following exceptions:

  • Type of medium: after the title, use the words "CD-ROM", "DVD", "disk","Internet" in square brackets. Content type can also be added e.g. [master's thesis on the Internet], [dissertation on the Internet], [bibliography on the Internet], [monograph on the Internet] but content type is optional.
  • Date of update/revision: after the date of publication, add the date of update/revision in square brackets.
  • Extent: if giving the extent of the item, give in terms of number and type of pieces e.g. 2 DVDs or describe it in the best way possible e.g. [about 3 screens].
  • URL: provide the URL or other electronic address of the item.

E-Books

Format

Number. Author AA. Title of work [type of medium]. Edition. Location: Publisher; Year of publication [updated/revised Year Month Day].

Number. Author AA. Title of work [type of medium]. Edition. Location: Publisher; Year of publication [updated/revised Year Month Day; cited Year Month Day]. Available from: http://xxxxx

Number. Editor AA, editor. Title of work [type of medium]. Edition. Location: Publisher; Year of publication [updated/revised Year Month Day; cited Year Month Day]. Available from: http://xxxxx

Examples

1. A house for the nation: 100 years of Australia's House of Representatives [CD-ROM]. Canberra: Dept. of the House of Representatives; 2001. Published in association with the Swish Group.

2. Faggiano V. Critical incident management: a complete response guide [Internet]. 2nd ed. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press; 2012 [cited 2012 Jul 13]. Available from: http://www.crcnetbase.com/ISBN/978-1-4398-7454-7

3. Eddings D. Pawn of prophecy [Internet]. Kindle ed. [place unknown: publisher unknown]; 2010 [cited 2011 Mar 27]. Available from: http://www.amazon.com

4. Niemann S, Greenstein D, David D. Helping children who are deaf: family and community support for children who do not hear well [monograph on the Internet]. Berkeley (CA): Hesperian Foundation; 2004 [cited 2007 Jun 11]. Available from: http://www.hesperian.org/publications_download_deaf.php

5. Schiraldi GR, The post-traumatic stress disorder sourcebook: a guide to healing, recovery, and growth [Internet]. 2nd ed. Adobe Digital Editions. [Boston]: McGraw-Hill; 2009 [cited 2012 Nov 5]. Available from: http://www.mhprofessional.com/product.php?isbn=0071614958#

Note: See Book - Print for all examples of books.

EndNote Reference Type

Electronic Book or Edited Book (Enter format in Type of Medium or Type of Work, cited date in Access Date)

Citing a Source Within a Source

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly as cited in Maxwell (3) stated that '...'

Burton (5) quoted Schwartz ...

References

3. Maxwell F. Phonology. San Franisco: Brooks Cole; 1999.

5. Burton L, Westen D, Kowalski R. Psychology. Milton (Australia): Wiley; 2009.

No Author / Editor

If no author or editor is present, start your reference with the Title of the item.

Example

5. Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun. Oxford: Blackwell; 1983.

No Location / No Publisher / No Year

If no location is present substitute an inferred place [Chicago?] or the phrase [place unknown].

If no publisher is present substitute the phrase [publisher unknown].

If no year is present substitute an approximate date [1976?] or the phrase [date unknown].

Examples

7. Smythe V. Ant colonies: how they communicate. Canberra: Emu Press; [2007?].

12. Browne JD. Forensic science as a career. London: Tower Publishing; [date unknown].

16. Hawaii [map on the Internet]. [place, publisher, date unknown] [cited 2012 Jul 20]. Available from: http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-6Ckq2CCag0Q/Tr4plGlC-HI/AAAAAAAACLo/CjKZCLjyAvk/s1600/islands-of-hawaii-map.gif