University of Canberra
Skip to Main Content

UC Referencing Guide

Reference List Format

References are listed in numerical order.  The number sits to the left of the text.

[1]       T. Pitman, "The evolution of the student as a customer in Australian higher education: a policy perspective," Aust. Educ. Res., vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 345-359, May 2016, doi: 10.1007/s13384-016-0204-9.

[2]       L. Baiazitova, J. Skopalik, V. Cmiel, J. Chmelik, O. Svoboda and I Provaznik, "Modern semi-automatic set-up for testing cell migration with impact for therapy of yocardial infarction," in IFMBE Proc., May 2019, vol. 68, 3 ed., pp. 155-159, doi: 10.1007/978-981-10-9023-3_28.

[3]       J. Chapman, C. Landis and S. Smith, "The development of a library Research Methods course for online graduate students in education," in Information Literacy Programs in the Digital Age: Educating College and University Students Online, A. Daugherty and M. F. Russo, Eds. Chicago, IL, USA: Association of College and Research Libraries, 2007, ch. 3, pp. 13-22.



A. Author, "Title of thesis," M.S. thesis, Abbreviated Department, Abbreviated University, City of University, State (US only), Country, Year. [Online]. Available: URL

A. Author, "Title of thesis," Ph.D. dissertation, Abbreviated Department, Abbreviated University, City of University, State (US only), Country, Year. [Online]. Available: URL


J. O. Williams, "Narrow-ban analyzer," Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. Elect. Eng., Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA, 1993.

N. Kawasaki, "Parametric study of thermal and chemical nonequilibrium nozzle flow," M.S. thesis, Dept. Electron. Eng., Osaka Univ., Osaka, Japan, 1993.

J. McCaffrey, "The extent to which clubs are perceived as learning organisations," Ph.D. dissertation, Faculty of Ed., Univ. Canberra, 2008. [Online]. Available:

D. Schwartz, "Development of a computationally efficient full human body finite element model," M.S. thesis, Virginia Tech - Wake Forest Univ. School of Biomed. Eng. Sci., Winton-Salem, NC, USA, 2015. [Online]. Available: