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UC Referencing Guide

Artificial Intelligence / Nonrecoverable Sources

Works that cannot be accessed by your reader are considered nonrecoverable sources.  This includes personal emails, nonarchived social media, and output from paraphrasing and artificial intelligence sites. There are no guidelines regarding this type of material.

The Library is following the guidelines for personal communication.

Personal communication is cited in text only.


(Site and type of request, personal communication, Time, Day Month Year)


Healthdirect (advice, personal communication, 7:30am, 4 January 2023) advised that…

…(Grammarly paraphrase, personal communication, 5:30pm, 14 December 2022)

…(ChatGPT paragraph, request ‘provide a short introduction to the Australian legal system’, 9:30am, 19 January 2023)