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UC Referencing Guide

Reference List Format

References are listed in numerical order.  The number sits to the left of the text.

[1]       T. Pitman, "The evolution of the student as a customer in Australian higher education: a policy perspective," Aust. Educ. Res., vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 345-359, May 2016, doi: 10.1007/s13384-016-0204-9.

[2]       L. Baiazitova, J. Skopalik, V. Cmiel, J. Chmelik, O. Svoboda and I Provaznik, "Modern semi-automatic set-up for testing cell migration with impact for therapy of yocardial infarction," in IFMBE Proc., May 2019, vol. 68, 3 ed., pp. 155-159, doi: 10.1007/978-981-10-9023-3_28.

[3]       J. Chapman, C. Landis and S. Smith, "The development of a library Research Methods course for online graduate students in education," in Information Literacy Programs in the Digital Age: Educating College and University Students Online, A. Daugherty and M. F. Russo, Eds. Chicago, IL, USA: Association of College and Research Libraries, 2007, ch. 3, pp. 13-22.

Facebook / Instagram

There are no guidelines for referencing Facebook or Instagram in the IEEE Reference Guide.  The Library is using the guidelines for YouTube videos.


A. Author. Title of Post. (Month Day, Year). Accessed: Month Day, Year. [Platform]. Available: URL


T. Duncan Henley. Channelling an Autumn Palatte. (Nov. 13, 2020). Accessed: Jan. 23, 2010. [Instagram]. Available:

Kevin Rudd and Labor. Australian Civilian Corps to Help in Crisis. (Oct. 24, 2009). Accessed: Jan. 23, 2010. [Facebook]. Available:

Zeitz MOCAA [@zeitzmocaa]. Grade 6 Learners From Parkfields Primary School in Hanover Park Visited the Museum for a Tour and Workshop. (Nov. 26, 2018). Accessed: Feb. 4, 2019. [Instagram]. Available:

B. White [@BettyMWhite]. I Treasure Every Minute We Spent Together #koko. (Jun. 21, 2018). Accessed: Mar. 15, 2020. [Twitter]. Available: