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UC Referencing Guide

Newspaper Article

Format

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day of publication). Title of article. Title of Newspaper, pp. xx. URL

Examples

Darby, A. (2002, August 20). Rarest tiger skin a rugged survivor. Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au

Waterford, J. (2007, May 30). Bill of Rights gets it wrong. The Canberra Times, p. 11.

Clark, E. (2003, 13 July). Enforcement, not shortage of laws, at the heart of spam's virulent growth. The Canberra Times. http://www.canberratimes.com.au

Internet pioneer to oversee network redesign. (2007, May 28). The Canberra Times, p. 15.

Webpage from Online News Site

Note: Use this format for online news sources.  To site articles from online newspapers see Newspaper Articles.
Format

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day of publication). Title of news item. News Site. URL

Example

Avramova, N. (2019, January 3). The secret to a long, happy, healthy life? Think age-positive. CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2019/01/03/health/respect-toward-elderly-leads-to-long-life-intl/index.html

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.

Format

Title of work. (Year of publication). Publisher. DOI or URL

Example

Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun. (1983). Blackwell.

No Year

General guidelines

If the date is not known use n.d. in place of the year. If you have an approximate date use the abbreviation ca. (circa) and the approximate year.

Format

Author, A. A. (ca. year). Title of work. Publisher. DOI or URL

Author, A. A. (n.d.). Title of work. Publisher. DOI or URL

Examples

Smythe, V. (ca. 2007). Ant colonies: How they communicate. Emu.

Browne, J. D. (n.d.). Forensic science as a career. Tower.

Citing a Source Within a Source

Secondary source refers to information first reported in another source, the primary source. If it is possible, find the original source and read it, citing the original source.  If this is not possible then use the procedure below.

Provide a reference to the secondary source (the source you read) and, in-text, identify the primary source then write "as cited in" the secondary source that you used.

Format

(Author 1 as cited in Author 2, Year)

Author 1 (as cited in Author 2, Year)

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell, 1999) stated that ...

"..." (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen, & Kowalski, 2009, p.63)

Reference list

Maxwell, F. (1999). Phonology. Brooks Cole.

Burton, L., Westen, D., & Kowalski, R. (2009). Psychology. Wiley.

EndNote Reference Type

Newspaper Article