Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of proceedings. Publisher. DOI or URL
Bazirjian, R., & Speck, V. (Eds.). (2002). Charleston Conference proceedings. Libraries Unlimited.
Australian Psychological Society's Psychology of Relationships Interest Group Conference Proceedings. (2008). Australian Psychological Society. http://ezproxy.canberra.edu.au/login?url=http://search.informit.com.au/browsePublication;res=IELHSS;isbn=9780909881375
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of paper. In A. A. Editor (Ed.), Title of proceedings (pp. xx-xx). Publisher. DOI or URL
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of paper. Title of proceedings, volume(issue), pages. DOI or URL
Tester, J. W. (2008). The future of geothermal energy as a major global energy supplier. In H. Gurgenci & A. R. Budd (Eds.), Proceedings of the Sir Mark Oliphant International Frontiers of Science and Technology Australian Geothermal Energy Conference. Geoscience Australia.
Edge, M. (1996). Lifetime prediction: Fact or fancy? In M. S. Koch, T. Padfield, J. S. Johnsen & U. B. Kejser (Eds.), Proceedings of the Conference on Research Techniques in Photographic Conservation (pp. 97-100). Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts.
Kahn, J. T. (2011). Electrical and mechanical design of multipurpose ducted-fan type VTOL UAV. Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (CCECE), 24th, 15-20. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/mostRecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6019108
Contributor, A. A. (Year, Month Day/s of symposium). Title of contribution. In B. B. Chairperson (Chair), Title of symposium [Symposium]. Conference Name, Location. URL
Presenter, A. A. (Year, Month Day/s of conference). Title of paper or poster session [Type of contribution]. Conference Name, Location. URL
Bernecky, R. (2003, June 11-14). An SPMD/SIMD Parallel Tokenizer for APL [Conference session]. APL 2003: Stretching the Mind, San Diego, CA.
If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.
Title of work. (Year of publication). Publisher. DOI or URL
Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun. (1983). Blackwell.
If the date is not known use n.d. in place of the year. If you have an approximate date use the abbreviation ca. (circa) and the approximate year.
Author, A. A. (ca. year). Title of work. Publisher. DOI or URL
Author, A. A. (n.d.). Title of work. Publisher. DOI or URL
Smythe, V. (ca. 2007). Ant colonies: How they communicate. Emu.
Browne, J. D. (n.d.). Forensic science as a career. Tower.
Secondary source refers to information first reported in another source, the primary source. If it is possible, find the original source and read it, citing the original source. If this is not possible then use the procedure below.
Provide a reference to the secondary source (the source you read) and, in-text, identify the primary source then write "as cited in" the secondary source that you used.
(Author 1 as cited in Author 2, Year)
Author 1 (as cited in Author 2, Year)
Lilly (as cited in Maxwell, 1999) stated that ...
"..." (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen, & Kowalski, 2009, p.63)
Maxwell, F. (1999). Phonology. Brooks Cole.
Burton, L., Westen, D., & Kowalski, R. (2009). Psychology. Wiley.
Conference proceedings - Book or Electronic Book
Conference paper in a book - Book Section or Electronic Book Section
Conference paper in a periodical - Journal Article or Electronic Article
Unpublished paper - Conference Proceedings
Paper or poster session presented at a conference - Conference Paper