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UC Referencing Guide

General Guidelines

Include the DOI if one is available.

Hyperlink the title if the item is available online.  Do not link to the PDF; link to the landing page where the PDF is found.  If the document being produced is print only then enter the URL after the last full stop.

One Author

Format

Author AA (Year) 'Title of article', Title of Journal, volume(issue):pages, doi:number.

Author AA (Year) 'Title of article', Title of Journal, volume(issue):pages, accessed Day Month Year.

Examples

Jackson A (2007) 'New approaches to drug therapy', Psychology Today and Tomorrow, 27(1):54-9.

Berno T (2017) 'Social enterprise, sustainability and community in post-earthquake Christchurch: Exploring the role of local food systems in building resilience', Journal of Enterprising Communities, 11(1):149.

Noor A (2008) 'Ethics, religion and good governance', JOAAG: Journal of Administration & Governance, 3(2):62-77, accessed 7 June 2021.

Kelleher T (2009) ‘Conversational voice’, Journal of Communication, 59(1):172–188, doi:10.1111/j.1460-2466.2008.01410.x.

Two Authors

Format

Author AA and Author BB (Year) 'Title of article', Title of Journal, volume(issue):pages, doi:number.

Author AA and Author BB (Year) 'Title of article', Title of Journal, volume(issue):pages, accessed Day Month Year.

Examples

Johns E and Mewhort D (2009) 'Test sequence priming in recognition memory', Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition 35:1162-1174, doi:10.1037/a0016372. 

Kramer E and Bloggs T (2002) 'On quality in art and art therapy', American Journal of Art Therapy, 40:218-22.

Wychick J and Thompson L (2005) 'Fallen for a scam lately?', Australia Today, 54-60.

Three or More Authors

General guidelines

List all authors.

Format

Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD, Author EE, Author FF, and Author GG (Year) 'Title of article', Title of Journal, volume(issue):pages, doi:number.

Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD, Author EE, Author FF, and Author GG (Year) 'Title of article', Title of Journal, volume(issue):pages, accessed Day Month Year.

Example

Elo A, Ervasti J, Kuosma E and Mattila P 2008, 'Evaluation of an organizational stress management program in a municipal public works organization', Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 13(1):10-23.

Gluckman E, Ruggeri A, Rocha V, Baudoux E, Boo M, Kurtzberg J, Welte K, Navarrete C and van Walraven SM 2011, 'Family-directed umbilical cord blood banking', Haematologica, 96:1700-7.

Restuin A, Aresta S, Prebet T, Borg J, Badache A and Collette Y (2009) 'A simplified, 96-well-adapted, ATP luminescence-based motility assay', Bio Techniques 47:871-875, accessed 14 November 2012.

Book Review in a Journal

Format

Author AA (Year) 'Title of review' [review of Title of Book, by Author], Title of Journal, volume(issue):pages, doi:number.

Author AA (Year) 'Title of review' [review of Title of Book, by Author], Title of Journal, volume(issue):pages, accessed Day Month Year.

Example

Marson, SM 2009, 'How big should we be? A Herculean task accomplished' [review of Human Body Size and the Laws of Scaling: Physiological, Performance, Growth, Longevity and Ecological Ramification, by T Samaras], Public Health Nutrition, 12:1299-300.

EndNote Reference Type

Journal Article  or  Electronic Article

Citing a Source Within a Source

There are no formal guidelines for citing a source within a source in the Style Manual.  These instructions are based on the guidelines in the 6th edition of the Style Manual.

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell 1999:25) stated that '...'

'...' (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen and Kowalski 2009:63)

Reference list

Maxwell F (1999) Phonology, Brooks Cole, San Francisco.

Burton L, Westen D and Kowalski R (2009) Psychology, Wiley, Milton, Qld.

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

There are no formal guidelines for referencing an item without an author in the Style Manual.  These instructions are based on the guidelines in the 6th edition of the Style Manual.

If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.

Format

Title of work (Year) Publisher, Location.

Examples

Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun (1983) Blackwell, Oxford, England.

No Location / No Publisher / No Year

General guidelines

The place of publication can be omitted if no place is known.

There are no guidelines for citing works with no publisher in the Style Manual. Consult your lecturer before citing material without a publisher.

If the date is not known - substitute n.d. in place of the year.

Format - no date

Author AA (n.d.) Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Examples

Browne JD (n.d.) Forensic science as a career, Tower, London.