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UC Referencing Guide

Web Site

When citing an entire web site it is sufficient to cite the address in the text.

e.g. Beyondblue <http://www.beyondblue.org.au/> is a website supporting ...

If you wish to acknowledge the entire web site in your reference list, use the format below.

Format

Author, AA Year of creation, Name of site sponsor, Location, viewed Day Month Year, <http://xxxxx>

Examples

International Narcotics Control Board 1999, United Nations, Vienna, viewed 1 October 1999, <http://www.incb.org>

Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations 2009, DEEWR, Canberra, viewed 21 November 2009, <http://www.deewr.gov.au>

Web Document

Format

Author, AA Year of creation, Title of work, Sponsor of the site, Location, viewed Day Month Year, <http://xxxxx>

Examples

University of Canberra 2009, Copyright guide, Version 13, University of Canberra, viewed 23 November 2009, <http://www.canberra.edu.au/copyright/guide>

MacIsaac, D 1995, An introduction to action research, Buffalo State University of New York, viewed 28 May 2004, <http://physicsed.buffalostate.edu/danowner/actionrsch.html>

Dick, B 2012, A Beginner's Guide to Action Research, viewed 1 November 2012, <http://www.aral.com.au/resources/guide.html>

Simon, J, Smith, K & West, T 2009, Price incentives and consumer payment behaviour, Reserve Bank of Australia, Sydney, viewed 24 November 2009, <http://www.rba.gov.au/publications/rdp/2009/2009-04.html>

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation n.d., Reducing Australia's greenhouse emissions factsheet, CSIRO, Canberra, viewed 3 June 2012, <http://www.csiro.au/resources/ps282.html>

EndNote Reference Type

Web Page

Citing a Source Within a Source

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell 1999, p.25) stated that '...'

'...' (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen & Kowalski 2009, p.63)

Reference list

Maxwell, F 1999, Phonology, Brooks Cole, San Francisco.

Burton L, Westen D & Kowalski R 2009, Psychology, Wiley, Milton, Qld.

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.

Format

Title of work Year of publication, Publisher, Location.

Examples

Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun 1983, Blackwell, Oxford, England.

No Location / No Publisher / No Year

General guidelines

If the location is not known - substitute n.p. in place of the location.

There are no guidelines for citing works with no publisher in the Style Manual: For Authors, Editors and Printers.  It is acceptable in other styles to use the location and date.  Consult your lecturer before citing material without a publisher.

If the date is not known - substitute an approximate date (c. for circa or ? after date) or n.d. in place of the year.

Format - no date

Author, AA c. year, Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA n.d., Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA 1943?, Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Examples

Smythe, V c. 2007, Ant colonies: How they communicate, Emu, Canberra.

Browne, JD n.d., Forensic science as a career, Tower, London.