University of Canberra
Skip to main content

UC Referencing Guide

One Author

Format

Author, AA Year of publication, Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Examples

Cochrane, A 2007, Understanding urban policy: a critical approach, Blackwell Publishing, Malden, MA.

Finkelman, AW 2006, Leadership and management in nursing, Pearson Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.

Fullan, M 1996, The new meaning of educational change, Cassell, London.

Maxwell, F 1999, Phonology, Brooks Cole, San Francisco.

Two or Three Authors

Format

Author, AA, Author, BB & Author, CC Year of publication, Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Examples

Littlejohn, SW & Foss, KA 2005, Theories of human communication, 8th edn, Thomas Wadsworth, Southbank, Vic.

Carr, W & Kemmis, S 1986, Becoming critical: education knowledge and action research, Falmer Press, London.

Four or More Authors

General guidelines

List all authors.

Format

Author, AA, Author, BB, Author, CC & Author, DD Year of publication, Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Examples

Duffy, A, Deakin, V, Wieniawa-Narkiewicz, E & Wilson, K 2001, Guide to writing in biomedical sciences, University of Canberra.

Green, WA, Hodges, B, Simons, HJ, Mally, QG, De Vanders, WM, Smith, A, Andrews, PF & Greve, MJ 2009, Matrix regression functions applicable to variable plasma fluxes, 2nd rev. edn, University of New South Wales, Sydney.

Corporate Authors / Organisation

Format - Corporate author, different publisher

Corporate Author Year of publication, Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Example

Australian National Audit Office 1990, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission: Community Development Employment Project, AGPS, Canberra.

Format - Corporate author same as publisher

Corporate Author Year of publication, Title of work, Corporate author (use abbreviation if possible), Location.

Example

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2009, Indigenous housing needs 2009: a multi-measure needs model, AIHW cat. no. JOU 214, AIHW, Canberra.

Edited Book

Format

Editor, AA (ed.) Year of publication, Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Editor, AA & Editor, BB (eds) Year of publication, Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Example

Zairi, M (ed.) 1999, Best practice: process innovation management, Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford.

Inge, MT, Duke, M & Bryer, JR (eds) 1978, Black American writers: bibliographical essays, vols. 1 & 2, St. Martins, New York.

Kemmis, S & McTaggart, R (eds) 1988, The action research planner, 3rd edn, Deakin University, Melbourne.

Later Editions

These are some edition statements you may see.

  • 7th ed.
  • 1st paperback edition
  • Rev. ed.
  • 2nd ed., rev. and expanded
  • 1st American ed.
  • New ed.
  • Facsim. ed.
Format

Author, AA Year of publication, Title of work, x edn, Publisher, Location.

Editor, AA (ed.) Year of publication, Title of work, x edn, Publisher, Location.

Example

Littlejohn, SW & Foss, KA 2005, Theories of human communication, 8th edn, Thomas Wadsworth, Southbank, Vic.

Kemmis, S & McTaggart, R (eds) 1988, The action research planner, 3rd edn, Deakin University, Melbourne.

Green, WA, Hodges, B, Simons, HJ, Heverson, HJ, Mally, QG, De Vanders, WM, Smith, A, Andrews, PF & Greve, MJ 2009, Matrix regression functions applicable to variable plasma fluxes, 2nd rev. edn, University of New South Wales, Sydney.

Translated Book

Format

Author, AA Year of publication, Title of work, trans. AA Translator, Publisher, Location.

Example

Gaarder, J 1994, Sophie's world: a novel about the history of philosophy, trans. P Moller, Phoenix House, London.

Multi-volume Works

Format

Author, AA Year of publication, Title of work, vols. x, Publisher, Location.

Editor, AA (ed) Year of publication, Title of work, vols. x, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA Year of publication, Title of entire work, vol. x, Title of volume, Publisher, Location.

Examples

Inge, MT, Duke, M & Bryer, JR (eds) 1978, Black American writers: bibliographical essays, vols. 1 & 2, St. Martins, New York.

Clark, CMH 1978, A history of Australia, vol. 4, The earth abideth for ever, 1851-1888, Melbourne University Press.

EndNote Reference Type

Book

Citing a Source Within a Source

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell 1999, p.25) stated that '...'

'...' (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen & Kowalski 2009, p.63)

Reference list

Maxwell, F 1999, Phonology, Brooks Cole, San Francisco.

Burton L, Westen D & Kowalski R 2009, Psychology, Wiley, Milton, Qld.

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.

Format

Title of work Year of publication, Publisher, Location.

Examples

Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun 1983, Blackwell, Oxford, England.

No Location / No Publisher / No Year

General guidelines

If the location is not known - substitute n.p. in place of the location.

There are no guidelines for citing works with no publisher in the Style Manual: For Authors, Editors and Printers.  It is acceptable in other styles to use the location and date.  Consult your lecturer before citing material without a publisher.

If the date is not known - substitute an approximate date (c. for circa or ? after date) or n.d. in place of the year.

Format - no date

Author, AA c. year, Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA n.d., Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA 1943?, Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Examples

Smythe, V c. 2007, Ant colonies: How they communicate, Emu, Canberra.

Browne, JD n.d., Forensic science as a career, Tower, London.