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UC Referencing Guide

General E-Book Guideline

E-books often lack page numbers or the pagination changes depending on the e-reader.  If you are required to provide pagination (check with your lecturer) use the following guidelines –

  • a paragraph or chapter number, if provided; alternatively, you can count paragraphs down from the beginning of the document; 
  • an overarching heading plus a paragraph number within that section; or 
  • an abbreviated heading (or the first few words of the heading) in quotation marks, in cases in which the heading is too unwieldy to cite in full.

E-Books

Format

Author, AA Year of publication, Title of work, version, viewed Day Month Year, <http://xxxxx>

Author, AA Year of publication, Title of work, version, viewed Day Month Year, Database name.

Examples

Schiraldi, GR 2001, The post-traumatic stress disorder sourcebook: a guide to healing, recovery, and growth, Adobe Digital Editions, viewed 3 July 2012, Amazon.

Niemann, S, Greenstein, D & David, D 2004, Helping children who are deaf: family and community support for children who do not hear well, viewed 11 June 2007, <http://www.hesperian.org/publications_download_deaf.php>

Eddings, D 2010, The Pawn of prophecy, Kindle edn, viewed 27 March 2011, Amazon.

Faggiano, V 2012, Critical incident management: a complete response guide, 2nd edn, viewed 12 November 2012, <http://www.crcnetbase.com/ISBN/978-1-4398-7454-7>

Note

See Book - Print for all Book formats (e.g. multiple authors, corporate authors, later editions).

EndNote Reference Type

Electronic Book

Citing a Source Within a Source

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell 1999, p.25) stated that '...'

'...' (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen & Kowalski 2009, p.63)

Reference list

Maxwell, F 1999, Phonology, Brooks Cole, San Francisco.

Burton L, Westen D & Kowalski R 2009, Psychology, Wiley, Milton, Qld.

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.

Format

Title of work Year of publication, Publisher, Location.

Examples

Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun 1983, Blackwell, Oxford, England.

No Location / No Publisher / No Year

General guidelines

If the location is not known - substitute n.p. in place of the location.

There are no guidelines for citing works with no publisher in the Style Manual: For Authors, Editors and Printers.  It is acceptable in other styles to use the location and date.  Consult your lecturer before citing material without a publisher.

If the date is not known - substitute an approximate date (c. for circa or ? after date) or n.d. in place of the year.

Format - no date

Author, AA c. year, Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA n.d., Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA 1943?, Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Examples

Smythe, V c. 2007, Ant colonies: How they communicate, Emu, Canberra.

Browne, JD n.d., Forensic science as a career, Tower, London.