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UC Referencing Guide

Computer Program

Format

Title of work Year of publication, version, computer software, Publisher, Location. Credits

Title of work Year of publication, version, computer software, credits, accessed Day Month Year, <http://xxxxx>

Examples

Comprehensive Meta-Analysis n.d., version 2, computer software, Biostat, Englewood, NJ.

EndNote 2013, version X7 for Mac, computer software, Thomson Reuters, USA.

CD-ROM

Format

Title of work Year of Publication, CD-ROM, Publisher, Location. Credits.

Examples

How to read a film: multimedia edition 2000, CD-ROM, Harbor Electronic, New York. Written by J Monaco.

A house for the nation: 100 years of Australia's House of Representatives 2001, CD-ROM, Dept. of the House of Representatives in association with the Swish Group, Canberra.

EndNote Reference Type

Computer Program - Computer Program 

CD-ROM - Book

Citing a Source Within a Source

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell 1999, p.25) stated that '...'

'...' (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen & Kowalski 2009, p.63)

Reference list

Maxwell, F 1999, Phonology, Brooks Cole, San Francisco.

Burton L, Westen D & Kowalski R 2009, Psychology, Wiley, Milton, Qld.

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.

Format

Title of work Year of publication, Publisher, Location.

Examples

Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun 1983, Blackwell, Oxford, England.

No Location / No Publisher / No Year

General guidelines

If the location is not known - substitute n.p. in place of the location.

There are no guidelines for citing works with no publisher in the Style Manual: For Authors, Editors and Printers.  It is acceptable in other styles to use the location and date.  Consult your lecturer before citing material without a publisher.

If the date is not known - substitute an approximate date (c. for circa or ? after date) or n.d. in place of the year.

Format - no date

Author, AA c. year, Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA n.d., Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA 1943?, Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Examples

Smythe, V c. 2007, Ant colonies: How they communicate, Emu, Canberra.

Browne, JD n.d., Forensic science as a career, Tower, London.