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UC Referencing Guide

Lecture / Tutorial Notes


If you are citing lecture notes from a university other than the University of Canberra, enter the university name before the unit number and name.


Author, AA Year of lecture, Unit number and name, lecture number, week number: Title of lecture, description, viewed Day Month Year, <http://xxxxx>


Andrews, P 2009, Unit 8147 Writing short narratives, lecture 1, week 1: What is fiction?, lecture PowerPoint slides, viewed 20 November 2009, <>

Reading Lists


Author, AA Year of publication, 'Title of article', Title of Journal, vol. xx, no. xx, pp. xx-xx, viewed Day Month Year, University of Canberra Reading Lists.

Author, AA Year of publication, 'Title of chapter or entry', in A Editor & B Editor (eds), Title of book, viewed Day Month Year, University of Canberra Reading Lists.


Rose, A 1996, 'Freedom of information under review', Canberra Bulletin of Public Administration, vol. 80, September, pp. 4-8, viewed 6 February 2018, University of Canberra Reading Lists.

Wilson, A, Johns, R, Miller, K & Pentecost, R 2010, 'Presenting and using the research results' in Marketing research: an integrated approach, viewed 19 March 2018, University of Canberra Reading Lists.

EndNote Reference Type

Lecture - Online Multimedia 

Reading Lists - Newspaper Article or Electronic Journal or Electronic Book Section (type University of Canberra Reading Lists into the Database Name field)

Citing a Source Within a Source

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell 1999, p.25) stated that '...'

'...' (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen & Kowalski 2009, p.63)

Reference list

Maxwell, F 1999, Phonology, Brooks Cole, San Francisco.

Burton L, Westen D & Kowalski R 2009, Psychology, Wiley, Milton, Qld.

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.


Title of work Year of publication, Publisher, Location.


Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun 1983, Blackwell, Oxford, England.

No Location / No Publisher / No Year

General guidelines

If the location is not known - substitute n.p. in place of the location.

There are no guidelines for citing works with no publisher in the Style Manual: For Authors, Editors and Printers.  It is acceptable in other styles to use the location and date.  Consult your lecturer before citing material without a publisher.

If the date is not known - substitute an approximate date (c. for circa or ? after date) or n.d. in place of the year.

Format - no date

Author, AA c. year, Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA n.d., Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA 1943?, Title of work, Publisher, Location.


Smythe, V c. 2007, Ant colonies: How they communicate, Emu, Canberra.

Browne, JD n.d., Forensic science as a career, Tower, London.