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UC Referencing Guide

Lecture / Tutorial Notes

Note

If you are citing lecture notes from a university other than the University of Canberra, enter the university name before the unit number and name.

Format

Author, AA Year of lecture, Unit number and name, lecture number, week number: Title of lecture, description, viewed Day Month Year, <http://xxxxx>

Example

Andrews, P 2009, Unit 8147 Writing short narratives, lecture 1, week 1: What is fiction?, lecture PowerPoint slides, viewed 20 November 2009, <http://learnonline.canberra.edu.au>

Reading Lists

Format

Author, AA Year of publication, 'Title of article', Title of Journal, vol. xx, no. xx, pp. xx-xx, viewed Day Month Year, University of Canberra Reading Lists.

Author, AA Year of publication, 'Title of chapter or entry', in A Editor & B Editor (eds), Title of book, viewed Day Month Year, University of Canberra Reading Lists.

Examples

Rose, A 1996, 'Freedom of information under review', Canberra Bulletin of Public Administration, vol. 80, September, pp. 4-8, viewed 6 February 2018, University of Canberra Reading Lists.

Wilson, A, Johns, R, Miller, K & Pentecost, R 2010, 'Presenting and using the research results' in Marketing research: an integrated approach, viewed 19 March 2018, University of Canberra Reading Lists.

EndNote Reference Type

Lecture - Online Multimedia 

Reading Lists - Newspaper Article or Electronic Journal or Electronic Book Section (type University of Canberra Reading Lists into the Database Name field)

Citing a Source Within a Source

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell 1999, p.25) stated that '...'

'...' (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen & Kowalski 2009, p.63)

Reference list

Maxwell, F 1999, Phonology, Brooks Cole, San Francisco.

Burton L, Westen D & Kowalski R 2009, Psychology, Wiley, Milton, Qld.

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.

Format

Title of work Year of publication, Publisher, Location.

Examples

Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun 1983, Blackwell, Oxford, England.

No Location / No Publisher / No Year

General guidelines

If the location is not known - substitute n.p. in place of the location.

There are no guidelines for citing works with no publisher in the Style Manual: For Authors, Editors and Printers.  It is acceptable in other styles to use the location and date.  Consult your lecturer before citing material without a publisher.

If the date is not known - substitute an approximate date (c. for circa or ? after date) or n.d. in place of the year.

Format - no date

Author, AA c. year, Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA n.d., Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA 1943?, Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Examples

Smythe, V c. 2007, Ant colonies: How they communicate, Emu, Canberra.

Browne, JD n.d., Forensic science as a career, Tower, London.