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UC Referencing Guide


General guidelines

Include legislation in your reference list only if it is important to a better understanding of your assignment or is required by your lecturer.  Otherwise an in-text reference is sufficient.


In relation to action regarding unsuitable goods, s. 74B of the Trade Practices Act 1974 states ...


Name of Act Year (Jurisdiction), viewed Day Month Year, <http://xxxx>


Trade Practices Act 1974 (Cwlth)

Anti-Discrimination Act 1991 (Qld), viewed 6 August 2012, <>

Case Law

Format - Unreported cases

Name v. Name [Year] Court abbreviation Decision number (Unreported Day Month Year of decision).

Format - Reported cases

Name v. Name (Year) Volume Reporting series abbreviation Page.


Glass v. Commonwealth of Australia [2003] ACTCA 8 (Unreported 31 March 2003).

Mace v. Murray (1955) 92 CLR 370.

EndNote Reference Type

Legislation - Statute

Case (Unreported) - Case (type Year into Date of Decision and Court abbreviation into Court and have nothing in Year)

Case (Reported) - Case (type Year into Year and have nothing in Court or Date of Decision)

Citing a Source Within a Source

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell 1999, p.25) stated that '...'

'...' (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen & Kowalski 2009, p.63)

Reference list

Maxwell, F 1999, Phonology, Brooks Cole, San Francisco.

Burton L, Westen D & Kowalski R 2009, Psychology, Wiley, Milton, Qld.

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.


Title of work Year of publication, Publisher, Location.


Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun 1983, Blackwell, Oxford, England.

No Location / No Publisher / No Year

General guidelines

If the location is not known - substitute n.p. in place of the location.

There are no guidelines for citing works with no publisher in the Style Manual: For Authors, Editors and Printers.  It is acceptable in other styles to use the location and date.  Consult your lecturer before citing material without a publisher.

If the date is not known - substitute an approximate date (c. for circa or ? after date) or n.d. in place of the year.

Format - no date

Author, AA c. year, Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA n.d., Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA 1943?, Title of work, Publisher, Location.


Smythe, V c. 2007, Ant colonies: How they communicate, Emu, Canberra.

Browne, JD n.d., Forensic science as a career, Tower, London.