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UC Referencing Guide

Music - Print


Author, AA Year of publication, Title of work, format, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA Year of publication. Title of work, format, viewed Day Month Year, <http://xxxxx>


Brown, B 2009, Big bad bushranger, songbook, Omnibus Books, Malvern, SA.

Davis, B & Akst H 1978, Baby face, sheet music, B&G Akst Publishing and Benny Davis Music, n.p.

Recorded music


Title of work Year of publication, type of recording, Publisher, Location. Credits.

Title of work Year of publication, type of recording, credits, accessed Day Month Year, <http://xxxxx>

'Title of track' Year of publication, on Title of work, type of recording, Publisher, Location. Credits.


Wish you well 2005, MP3, performed by Bernard Fanning, accessed 7 July 2012, <>

'From little things big things grow' 1997, on Songs from the south: Paul Kelly's greatest hits, CD, Mushroom Records, Melbourne. Written and performed by Paul Kelly.

'Dirty creature' 1982, on Time and Tide, record, Mushroom Records, Melbourne. Performed by Split Enz.

EndNote Reference Type

Music (print) - Book or Electronic Book 

Sound Recording - Online Multimedia or Audiovisual Material

Citing a Source Within a Source

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell 1999, p.25) stated that '...'

'...' (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen & Kowalski 2009, p.63)

Reference list

Maxwell, F 1999, Phonology, Brooks Cole, San Francisco.

Burton L, Westen D & Kowalski R 2009, Psychology, Wiley, Milton, Qld.

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.


Title of work Year of publication, Publisher, Location.


Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun 1983, Blackwell, Oxford, England.

No Location / No Publisher / No Year

General guidelines

If the location is not known - substitute n.p. in place of the location.

There are no guidelines for citing works with no publisher in the Style Manual: For Authors, Editors and Printers.  It is acceptable in other styles to use the location and date.  Consult your lecturer before citing material without a publisher.

If the date is not known - substitute an approximate date (c. for circa or ? after date) or n.d. in place of the year.

Format - no date

Author, AA c. year, Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA n.d., Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA 1943?, Title of work, Publisher, Location.


Smythe, V c. 2007, Ant colonies: How they communicate, Emu, Canberra.

Browne, JD n.d., Forensic science as a career, Tower, London.