University of Canberra
Skip to Main Content

UC Referencing Guide



Corporate Author Year of publication, Standard number: Standard name, Publisher, Location.

Corporate Author Year of publication, Standard number: Standard name, viewed Day Month Year, <http://xxxxx>


If the corporate author and publisher are the same, you can enter an abbreviation for the publisher. The first occurrence of the name of a corporate author must be given in full, whether in the written text or in a citation.  If the abbreviation of the corporate author is familiar or readily understandable then it can be entered after the full name and used in subsequent occurrences. e.g. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).


Standards Australia 1996, Australian Standard AS4390: Records management, Standards Australia, Sydney.

Standards Australia & Standards New Zealand 1996, AS/NZS 4422: Playground surfacing: specifications, requirements and test method, viewed 11 July 2012, <>

EndNote Reference Type


Citing a Source Within a Source

When citing a source you haven't read yourself, but which is referred to in a source you have read.

In-text reference

Lilly (as cited in Maxwell 1999, p.25) stated that '...'

'...' (Schwartz as cited in Burton, Westen & Kowalski 2009, p.63)

Reference list

Maxwell, F 1999, Phonology, Brooks Cole, San Francisco.

Burton L, Westen D & Kowalski R 2009, Psychology, Wiley, Milton, Qld.

No Author / Editor

General guidelines

If there is no author - substitute the title in the position of the author.


Title of work Year of publication, Publisher, Location.


Macroeconomics, prices and quantities: Essays in memory of Arthur M. Okun 1983, Blackwell, Oxford, England.

No Location / No Publisher / No Year

General guidelines

If the location is not known - substitute n.p. in place of the location.

There are no guidelines for citing works with no publisher in the Style Manual: For Authors, Editors and Printers.  It is acceptable in other styles to use the location and date.  Consult your lecturer before citing material without a publisher.

If the date is not known - substitute an approximate date (c. for circa or ? after date) or n.d. in place of the year.

Format - no date

Author, AA c. year, Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA n.d., Title of work, Publisher, Location.

Author, AA 1943?, Title of work, Publisher, Location.


Smythe, V c. 2007, Ant colonies: How they communicate, Emu, Canberra.

Browne, JD n.d., Forensic science as a career, Tower, London.